245 years ago today, March 13, 1773, our ancestors gathered in Mohegan for the first planning meeting for the community that would eventually become Brothertown. Happy Anniversary, Brothertown!
245 years ago today, March 13, 1773, our ancestors gathered in Mohegan for the first planning meeting for the community that would eventually become Brothertown. Happy Anniversary, Brothertown!
This Sunday, March 4th at 6:00pm CT/7:00 ET, Ms. Laura Murray, author of To Do Good to My Indian Brethren, will be speaking to us about her research and book on Joseph Johnson, the youngest of our Brothertown founding fathers. Not only is this a unique opportunity to gain insight and to speak with a knowledgeable researcher and author on Joseph Johnson, but it is also a great opportunity to connect with your Brothertown family no matter where you live. Don’t miss out!
This is a family-friendly event and is open to the public. See you there!
Sunday, February 25th at 6:30pm CT/7:30 ET, Brothertown Forward will be hosting an online community discussion on the Thomas Commuck shape note singing event held at Yale on February 3rd. This event is open to everyone; whether you attended and would like to discuss your experience there or would simply like to hear how it went. To log in, please go to https://zoom.us/j/2529226987 or dial +1 646 876 9923 and enter the Meeting ID: 252 922 6987.
For a sneak peek of the day itself, please see https://youtu.be/h42vaBNZLUo.
Sunday March 4th at 6:00pm CT/7:00 ET, Ms. Laura Murray, author of To Do Good to My Indian Brethren, will be speaking to us about her research and book on Joseph Johnson, the youngest of our Brothertown founders. The log in information for this discussion is the same as the one above.
Saturday June 2nd, we will be meeting in “Old Brothertown” New York to perform annual cleaning and maintenance at our Brothertown cemeteries. In addition to overgrowth and the accumulation of trash, normal yearly rainfall causes dirt to run over onto the slabs where grass and weeds quickly begin to grow. Without yearly maintenance, the graves of our ancestors not only fall into ruin and decay but run the risk of being lost to us forever. Please consider donating one weekend every year, or even every few years, to go to New York and fulfill your duties to those who have walked ahead. We are working on putting carpools together as well as trying to obtain sponsorship to defray the cost of lodging, eating, and other travel-related expenses. If you would like to donate your time but travel costs are prohibitive; if you are willing to drive or looking to carpool; if you can’t attend but would like to make a donation; or if you’d simply like to be put on a contact list for future trips, please contact me at brothertown citizen at aol.com.
For a calendar listing additional Brothertown-related dates, please see the Tribe’s website at BrothertownIndians.org.
Just as it is difficult to know with 100% certainty exactly how Occom and our ancestors pronounced and defined “Eeyawquittoowauconnuck”, so too, it is difficult to know exactly why they named their town “Brotherton” or precisely what that name reflected for them. However, by looking at the writings of our founders and viewing other communities and documents from the same area and time period, modern day scholars have made some well-educated guesses as to where the name Brothertown came from, what it may have meant to our Tribal Founders, and how it was used throughout our time in New York.
On Dartmouth’s Occom Circle site, it states, “They named the land Brothertown to both reflect their intention to live with fellow tribes as brothers and also to pay tribute to Brotherton, a Delaware Indian reservation in New Jersey that served as an inspiration for the Christian Indian Settlement (1).” That Occom knew about this community is likely. That the Brotherton Indians of New Jersey moved to Oneida lands in New York in the early 1800’s is unquestionable(2). However, any substantiation to the claim that Occom’s Brotherton was named in tribute to this community has proven elusive thus far. Many scholars have looked elsewhere for explanations on the origins of the name “Brothertown”.
Author Brad Jarvis sees the choice of the name “Brothertown” as a reflection of how our founders viewed their new community. “Symbolic of the proposed internal cohesion of the town’s new name, the residents, “concluded to live in peace, and in friendship and to go on in all [their] public concerns in harmony; both in religious and temporal concerns, and every one to bear his part of Public Charges in the Town (3).” Jarvis offers another glimpse of how the early Brothertown people saw their community, as well as the boundaries and racism they experienced outside of it, through a 1795 interview conducted by some Quaker ministers. An unidentified Brotherton man told them that he, “hoped the partition wall that divided nations would be broken down, bigotry and prejudice done away, and all mankind come to live more like brothers.” “Such language,” Jarvis comments, “reflected the founding principles of Brothertown-a community defined by Christian brotherhood, kinship, and mutual partnership (p 149) (4).”
In his book, Becoming Brothertown: Native American Ethnogenesis and Endurance in the Modern World, Craig Cipolla describes Occom’s view of Brothertown as being “a community linked by shared religious views and approaches to the politics of colonial North America (p 53).” He points out that the name “Brothertown” accomplished two important things: 1) It was relatable both to Natives, where “brother” or “brethren” denoted Native kinship, and to Euro-Americans who saw it in terms of Christian brotherhood. 2) The name also gave our ancestors a commonality. They were no longer, “Narragansett, Mohegan, Montauk, etc, but were now “Brotherton”(p64ff). In this book, Cipolla also looks at usage of the term ‘Brothertown” in the 18th and 19th centuries and compares how it was viewed by Euro-Americans as opposed to the Brotherton themselves. In short, Euro-Americans tended to place more emphasis on Brothertown being a location or a “town” while the Brotherton people used the name to “mark shared ethnic and racial identities (p63)”.
While there may be differing theories as to where the idea for the name of Brothertown originated and what exactly it may have meant to our founders, there is little doubt of the hopes that this new community held for its people. As they themselves have said across multiple decades, Brothertown was meant to be a shining example of peace, friendship and harmony; a place where bigotry, prejudice and walls of division would no longer exist and where we all would live like brothers.
~to be continued.
(3)Jarvis, Brad. The Brothertown Nation of Indians, p 115.
(4) Ibid, p 119
Note: If you are interested in exploring how the name “Brothertown” has changed in usage and meaning over the years, please see Craig Cipolla’s book, Becoming Brothertown: Native American Ethnogenesis and Endurance in the Modern World, chapter 4.
Today, November 7, 2017, marks the 232nd anniversary of the “incorporation” and naming of Brothertown. On Monday November 7, 1785, Occom noted in his journal that, “we named our town by the name of Brotherton, in Indian Eeyawquittoowauconnuck.” By virtue of the fact that Occom included this “Indian” name in his journal, we can make the assumption that this detail was important. However, while we know that Eeyawquittoowauconnuck means “Brotherton”, ideas vary a bit on exactly how Eeyawuittoowauconnuck would be translated.
In his book, Becoming Brothertown: Native American Ethnogenesis and Endurance in the Modern World, Craig Cipolla makes the claim that Eeyawquittowauconnuck means “town or plantation of equals or brothers,” or “many eat from one dish” (p95). In The Collected Writings of Samson Occom, Mohegan, Joanna Brooks quotes Stephanie Fielding (great great great niece of Mohegan linguist Fidelia Fielding*) who “believes that [it] translates as “he does so like someone looking in a certain direction or a certain way.” Phrased differently, this meaning might indicate a group united by a distinctive shared perspective” (p 25, footnote).
While the proffered translations may not be exact and are each a little different, Eeyawquittoowauconnuck reflected the desire of its founders that it be a distinct place where inhabitants with a common vantage point were bonded to one another within a caring community.
…..to be continued.
Daunted by its 22 letters and 7 syllables, some people simply refer to it as “the E-word”. However, Eeyawquittoowauconnuck is not just a word; it is a name. It is our name; one that holds meaning and value for us as a People. For those who are not already comfortable using it, it is well worth taking a few minutes to become more familiar with “Eeyawquittoowauconnuck”*.
For the sake of ease, let’s start by dividing Eeyawquittoowauconnuck into 7 manageable syllables. They look like this:
Now, lets pronounce them*. Try saying these out loud:
“Ee” (pronounced just like it looks…like the long sound of the letter “e” as in “me”)–Ee
“Yaw” (rhyme it with “paw”)–Yaw
Next, put those 2 together: “Ee”+“Yaw”= “Eeyaw”.
Say it out loud so your tongue and ears get used to it.
“quit”(pronounce it with a long “ee” sound in the middle so it rhymes with “tweet”)—quit
“too”(also like the English word too)—too
Now put them together and say them out loud. “quit”+”too”=“quittoo”.
Let’s go back and pick up the first part and pair it with this: “Eeyaw” + “quittoo”=“Eeyawquittoo”
Good job, we’re almost done!
The next 3 syllables are:
“wau” (rhyme it with “la”)—wau
“con” (like the English word con)—con
“nuck” (rhymes with truck)—nuck
Now, put those 3 together: “wau”+”con”+”nuck”=“wauconnuck”. Say it again, “wauconnuck”.
Finally, lets put the entire word back together: “Eeyawquittoo”+”wauconnuck”=”Eeyawquittoowauconnuck”.
Congratulations, you did it! Now keep using it. Try it out at the next Brothertown gathering, teach it to your kids, greet one another with it. Eeyawquittoowauconnuck is who we are. Say it often and say it proudly: Eeyawquittoowauconnuck!
*It should be noted that the above pronunciation of “Eeyawquittoowauconnuck” is based on the author’s personal estimation of Occom’s spelling of the word as found in his journal entry of November 7, 1785. Occom had a strong grasp of the phonetic sounds of English letters and wrote the name accordingly. The author acknowledges that there is, however, some room for variation. For example, the double o’s in the 4th syllable, “too,” suggest that Occom heard it as either the “oo” sound as in “too”(as presented here) or possibly, the “Uh” sound as in “book”. Mohegan linquist, Stephanie Fielding, suggests that Eeyawquittoowauconnuck, in Mohegan orthography today, might be spelled “Iyáhqituwôkanuk”(1). Using the Mohegan pronunciation guide(2), as found in Fielding’s work at http://rmc.library.cornell.edu/collections/MoheganDictionary.pdf, the pronunciation of this 4th syllable (“too”/”tu”), might change the sound into “uh” as in “pup”.
243 years ago, on October 4th, 1774, the land contract between the Oneida and the “New England Indians” was drawn up and signed. Officiating was Guy Johnson, who had recently succeeded his late father, Sir William Johnson, as Superintendent of Indian Affairs for the northern portion of North America. A copy of this document is transcribed below. To see the copy this was taken from, as well as many other Brothertown-related New York documents, please visit the “Brothertown, New York” section of the Digital Historical Library on this site*.
By Guy Johnson Esquire, Superintendant of Indian affairs for the Northern Department of North America, &c, &c.
Whereas the Indians of Mohegan Narragansett, Montock Pequots of Groton and Stoneington, Nahantic, Farmington, inhabiting within the New England Governments, did last year represent that they were very much straightened and reduced to such small pittances of land that they could no longer remain there and did through the channel of Sir William Johnson Bar & late superintendent apply to the Six Nations for some lands to live on which was at length agreed to in my presence at the last Treaty and a Tract allowed them by the Oneidas and whereas some of them have since in company with the Oneida chiefs, viewed the said lands and determined on its boundaries as follows desireing a certificate of the same as that it might be entered on the records of Indian affairs Viz. Beginning at the west end of the scaniadaries or the long lakes which is at the head of one of the branches of Orisca Creek from thence about twelve miles northerly or so far that an easterly course from a certain point on the first mentioned course shall intersect the road or pathway leading crom old Oneida to the German flats, where the said path crosses Scanindowa Creek the line settled as the limits between the province of New York and the Indian at the Treaty of Fort Stanwix in 1768, thence Southerly along the said line about thirteen miles or so far that a westerly line from thence keeping one line south of the most Southerly bend of Orisca Creek shall reach the place of beginning do as to comprehend(??) the lake first mentioned.
I do therefore in compliance with the joint request of the said Oneida and the said New England Indians declare that the said Oneidas do grant to the said New England Indians and their posterity forever, without power of alienation to any subject the afore described tract with this appernenancies in the amplest manner-also full liberty of hunting all sorts of game throughout the whole country of Oneidas beaver hunting only excepted, with this particular clause or reservation that the same shall not be possessed by any persons deemed of the said Tribes, who are decended from or intermixed with Negroes or Mulattoes**.
Even under my hand and seal at Arms at Guy Park- October the 4th 1774
(Signed) Guy Johnson (and his seal)
We the chiefs in testimony of the foregoing affix the character of our Tribes unto the day and year above mentioned,
The Mark of Longhqish(turtle) The mark of Ughmyonge (wolf) The mark of Canadegona (bear)
*A special thank you to the Hamilton College Library staff for their assistance in providing this, and numerous other Brothertown-related digital documents.
** The exclusion of “Negroes and Mulattoes” from Indian lands was a legal requirement implemented by the Colonies in an effort to quell the possibility of concentrated slave uprisings (1).
(1) Stone, Gaynell. The History & Archaeology of the Montauk Volume III 2nd Edition, 1993, p. 520
Part II: Eeyawquittoowauconnuck
Because of its length and the challenge of reading the original script, Eeyawquittoowauconnuck is commonly spelled several different ways. For example, on page 536 of The History & Archaeology of the Montauk Volume III, 2nd edition, contributor Russell T Blackwood (a Professor at Hamilton College near old Brothertown in New York) quotes the famous Occom journal entry of November 7, 1785 thus: “…we named our town by the name of Brotherton, in Indian Eeyamguittoowauconnuck.” Here, an “m” and a “g” are used. However, it is most common to see the following two spellings: “Eeyawquittoowauconnuck” or “Eeyamquittoowauconnuck”.
Otto Heller, the man responsible for gathering the items now found in “The Brothertown Collection”, preferred the latter spelling. Heller spent a lot of time and money researching and collecting Brothertown knowledge, books, and artifacts. It is not known for certain, but is very probable that he visited Dartmouth College and read Samson Occom’s journal for himself. According to Heller, the Indian name of Brotherton appeared to be “Eeyamquittoowauconnuck”(see Figures 1 and 2).
Another person who used an “m” in the name, and perhaps where others have gotten their spelling, is William DeLoss Love in his 1899 book, Samson Occom and the Christian Indians of New England (https://archive.org/details/samsonoccomchris00love).
Eeyamquittoowauconnuck is probably the most commonly seen spelling of the name although there are plenty who use a “w” instead of an “m”. For example, in the Joanna Brooks book, The Collected Writings of Samson Occom, Mohegan, snd in Craig Cipolla’s writings, “Eeyawquittoowauconnuck” is used. This is also how it is transcribed at Dartmouth’s Occom Circle site (https://collections.dartmouth.edu/occom/html/diplomatic/785554-diplomatic.html). Thanks to the Circle site, we are able to see a high quality scan of Occom’s journal for ourselves. Let’s take a closer look.
In Figure 3 above, beneath the underlined “Brotherton”, you can see the first 13 letters of the Indian name. The 5th one could appear to be an “m” or it may look like a “w”. Let’s zoom out and look again.
Find the name in Figure 4 and look at the “w” after the double o’s midway into “Eeyawquittoowauconnuck”(directly beneath the “n” in “Brotherton”). Notice that it ends in an upswing which points a bit back toward the left. Now, look at the letter in question, the 5th letter. It also hooks back to the left in exactly the same way.
Next, look at the ending letter “m” in the word “form” (middle of the 2nd line from the top) and, at the very bottom of the page, the name “Abraham”. Both “m’s” end with a rightward slant. Occom’s “m’s” slant right while his “w’s” hook back to the left. Judging by the formation of the “m’s” and “w’s” in this sample alone, it seems pretty certain that the original Indian name for Brotherton does not include any “m’s”. It appears that Occom wrote it as “Eeyawquittoowauconnuck”.
…..to be continued
*The photos in Figures 1 & 2 were taken by Gabriel Kastelle.
Figures 3 & 4 came from the Dartmouth College Occom Circle site.
Part I: An Introduction to Brothertown
While it may be tempting to believe that our Brothertown ancestors, with their agricultural lifestyle, European clothing, Colonial homes, and English speech, were doing everything they could to leave their “Indianness” behind them, that would be an erroneous notion. On the contrary, preserving their race and heritage was extremely important to the Brothertown founders. There are a number of examples one could offer as proofs of this but none so starkly evident as that line from Occom’s journal entry of November 7, 1785, which reads, “We named our town by the name of Brotherton; in Indian Eeyawquittoowauconnuck (emphasis added)(1).”
The formation of this town was not undertaken lightly. Plans began at least as far back as March 13, 1773, when members of seven Native communities met in Mohegan (2). Long trips were taken on foot through the snow(3), letters were written(4), Oneida headmen and local leaders like William Johnson(5), the area’s British Superintendent of Indian Affairs, were consulted. A “Colony Law Book” was obtained (6), a layout of the new town was drawn up, and agreements were made on how the town would be run and who would oversee certain positions (7). Primarily due to the American Revolution, nearly 15 years passed between that first meeting in Mohegan and the day they finally “formed into a body politick” on their new land. This was a well-planned and long-sought-after venture. The name they gave to their town could not have been bestowed lightly either; it too was well considered.
…..to be continued
(1)Occom, Samson. Journal entry November 7, 1785.
(2)Murray, Linda. To Do Good to My Indian Brethren: The Writings of Joseph Johnson, 1751-1776, p 207.
(3) Hutchins Report, https://www.madisoncounty.ny.gov/motf/brothertownone%5B1%5D.pdf,p.24.
(4) Ibid p23ff.
(6)Wimpey, Elijah. Letter to the House of Representatives of the Colony of Connecticut, May 25, 1774. Available online through the Yale Indian Papers Project.
(7)Occom, Samson. Journal entry of November 7, 1785
230 years ago, nine years after the fledgling nation of the United States had declared itself to be free and independent of the long arm of English rule, another fledgling nation, standing upon the same soil, also declared itself to be a new nation.
Similar to the United States, which was a “melting pot” of nationalities, so too was this new nation. It was comprised of Christianized Indians from the Mohegan, Niantic, Narragansett, Pequot (from the towns of Stonington and Groton), Montauk, and Tunxis Tribes. The formal founding of this new nation occurred in Oneida County, New York and was recorded in a journal by the Reverend Samson Occom, an ordained Mohegan/Brothertown minister.
On a Monday, the 7th day of November in 1785 Occom wrote,
But now we proceeded to form into a Body Politick we Named our Town -by the Name of Brotherton, in Indian Eeyawquittoowauconnuck J. Fowler was chosen clarke for the Town. Roger Waupieh, David Fowler, Elijah Wympy, John Tuhy, and Abraham Simon were chosen a Committee or Trustees for the Town, for a year and for the future, the committee is to be chosen Annually. and Andrew Acorrocomb and Thomas Putchauker were chosento be Fence Vewers to continue a year. Concluded to have a Centre near David Fowlers House, the main Street is to run North and South & East and West, to cross at the centre. Concluded to live in Peace, and in Friendship and to go on in all their Public Concerns in Harmony both in their Religious and Temporal concerns, and every one to bear his part of Public Charges in the Town. They desired me to be a Teacher amongst them. I consented to spend some of my remaining [days] with them, and make this Town my Home and center. (p.252)*
In his book, Samson Occom and the Christian Indians of New England, William DeLoss Love committed the name of each Brothertown resident into the book’s appendix. It is reprinted below.
APPENDIX FAMILY HISTORY OF THE BROTHERTOWN INDIANS ABNER, Pequot tribe, Stonington, Conn. In 1762 an Indian called "Abner, 11 aged 45, was living in a wigwam at Mushantuxet in Groton. He had six children. James Abner, who with his wife Mary was living at Lantern Hill, Stonington, in 1788, was doubtless a son and the father of Randall. Randall Abner, born June 4, 1789, at Stonington, married Sarah Tocus. They moved to Stephentovvn, N. Y., and thence in 1819 to Brothertown. He received lot 86. in 1823; was a peacemaker from 1823 to 1831 ; removed to Wisconsin in 1831 and to Kansas later, where he died in 1852, ae.-63, and she Apr. 9, 1869, ae. 73. Chn. : I. Hannah Abigail, b. Aug. 21, 1814, m. Thomas Commuck. II. Rebecca, b. Mar. 2, 1816, m. (i) Simeon Adams, (2) John W. Johnson. III. Randall, who went to Nebraska. IV. Joseph, who was lost at sea. V. Silvia, m. Daniel Skeesuck. VI. Lucy, m. (i) Stowe, (2) Coffin. VII. Marietta, m. John Welch. VIII. Roxy. IX. James. X. Denison, who went to Kansas. XI. Grace. ADAMS, ADAM, Tunxis tribe, Farmington, Conn. A Quinnipiac Indian, nicknamed "Adam, 11 of East Haven, "bought of a squaw" land at Farmington, which he divided Nov. 3, 1756. between his sons, John and Samuel Adam. He signed as "Jacob Adam,' 1 but Oct. 10, 1776, he is "Thomas Adams late deceased. 11 He was the head man of the Quinnipiac Indians who exchanged rights at New Haven for lands at Farmington, removed thither and were adopted by the Tunxis tribe. In 1770 he was aged and infirm and soon after died. John Adams ( 1 Adam), New Haven, 1756, and of age, married Sarah and moved to Farmington. He was a councilor and landowner ; 336 APPENDIX a soldier in the French wars and the Revolution ; was at Stockbridge, Mass.; and a founder of Brothertown, where he soon died. Chn. : I. John, b. 1755. II- Sarah, m. Abraham Simons. 111. Simeon. IV. Samuel. John Adams (2 John, lAdam) was an early settler at Brothertown, where he received lot 126 in 1795. He married later " Widow Sarah Davies," born in 1748, owner of lot 6, and died before 1804, without issue. His lot was then assigned to Ehphalet Adams (Marthers), subject to the dower of Widow Sarah. Simeon Adams ( 2 John, 1 Adam) was a soldier in Capt. Elisha Lee's company in 1776. He moved to Brothtrtown before 1799, and had lots 99 and 124 in 1804. He died about 1829, his hens being his brother Samuel's children. Samuel Adams ( 2 John, !Adam) married Mary, daughter of David Fowler, and settled at Brothertown. He had been a soldier in the Revolution, enlisted in the War of 1812, and was killed at black Rock. She was living at Brothertown in 1817. Chn.: I. Thankful, m. Stevens. II. John, who with his wife Sally removed to Wisconsin in 1832, and died at Dickenson's Mills. 111. Simeon, who m. Rebecca Abner, moved to Wisconsin and died there. IV. Hannah, m. Solo- mon Paul. V. Emeline, m. Lothrop Dick. Edwin C. Adams, alias Edwin Edwards or Edwin Hathaway, an orphan, was brought up in this family. He m. Lovina Matthews, and moved to Brothertown, Wis. Their son, Arthur Adams, was in Co. G, 36th Wis. Vols., and died in Andersonville prison Sept. 2, 1864. Samuel Adams (iAdain) was born in 1734, and married Hannah Squamp of the Wangunk tiibe, by whom he had rights in the Matta- besett lands at Middletown, Conn. Both were well educated. He was a soldier in Capt John Patterson's company in 1756, and in Capt. Timothy NortharrTs company, ist Regt N. Y. troops, in 1762. He was a councilor and landowner at Farmington ; an early settlrr at Brothertown; was driven out by the war, and went to Hancock, Mass. He returned to Brothertown and in 1795 received lot 7. where he had built his first hut. He died about 1800. Ch. : Solomon, and perhaps others. Solomon Adams ( 2 Samuel, iAdam) received part of Jot 52 at Farmington from his father, March 21, 1782. He married Olive, daughter of Rev. Samson Occom, was a soldier in the Revolution, and died about 1783. His widow held " a part of the 5th lot west of the Indian tract and the house thereon, 11 whence she afterwards emi- grated to eastern New York. Chn. : I. Philena, in. (i) James Wau- cus, (2) Thomas Crosley. II. Damans, m. Jacob Thomas. III. Ellen, New Marlboro, Mass. These sold their father's rights at Farmington in 1801. Probably also there was a son David, who re- ceived lot 134 at Brothertown in 1797, and died without issue. APPENDIX 337 ANTHONY, Narragansett tribe, Charlestown, R. I. A number of Indians bearing this name were living there in 1750. John Anthony married Sarah, the widow of George Ninegret. A Charles Anthony resided there in 1763, and thence the Brothertown emigrant came. Charles Anthony was a later settler at Brothertown. He married Lorinda Brushel, who inherited rights in several lots sold 1828-1835. He was town marshal from 1828 to 1832. They moved to Wisconsin about 1837, and died there. Ch. : Lowana. BRUSHEL, BRUSHIL, BRUSHILL, BRTTSHEILL, Mohegan tribe, Mo- hegan, Conn. This family was not of the early Mohegan stock. The name is not found in lists made so late as 1782. In recent times some of that name have lived at Mohegan, and Sam Brushel, who died there in 1882, aged 37, claimed to have royal blood. Probably an Indian of another tribe married a Mohegan woman and was adopted. Abigail Brushel appeared at Brothertown in 1796, a widow, and received lot 46, which was sold in 1829 for the benefit of ' Widow Abigail." She had sons Samuel and Sampson, and probably Mary, John, Lemuel and Timothy were also her children. Mary had lot 47 in 1804; John lots 38 and 39 in 1804; Lemuel lot 44 in 1797; and Timothy lot 73 in 1796. Lemuel died about 1827 without issue. Timothy died on a man-of-war and his widow and son Samuel inherited his lot. Samuel Brushel (lAbigail), born in 1772, and his wife Esther, born in 1774, received lot 25, in 1795. She died and he married Abigail Skeesuck. The lot was sold for their benefit in 1828. Chn. : I. Thomas, m. Hannah Cujep. II. Nancy, m. Hart. III. Henry. IV. Lucinda, m. Welch, removed to Wisconsin, and died. V. Sam- uel, m. Nancy Welch. VI. Lydia, m. Aaron Toucee. Henry Brushel (2 Samuel, iAbigail), born June 24, 1814, married Nancy Welch Brushel, his brother's widow. They moved to Wis- consin, where he died Sept. 24, 1864, and she April 7, 1864, aged 55. Chn. : I. Samuel, a soldier in the Civil War, who died after his return. II. Frances. III. Almira. IV. Nancy E., d. Feb. 15, 1865, ae. 25. Sampson Brushel (^Abigail), borrt in 1774, had lots 127 and 34 at Brothertown. He married Betsey Ceipet, by whom he had Lorinda, who married Charles Anthony, and possibly a son Benjamin. They died at Brothertown. CETPET, CEBIT, SEEPET, SEABPEET. Benjamin Ceipet and Han- nah his wife received lot 35 at Brothertown in 1804. He died about 1807 and she about 1828. They left a daughter Betsey, a son Daniel, and possibly other children. 23 338 APPENDIX CHARLES. There were families of this name at Montauk, L. I., Farmington, Conn., and Charlestown, R. I. An Indian so named, probably of the latter place, married Rhoda, daughter of James Niles, who as a widow settled at Brothertown and received lot 32 in 1804, She married later Daniel Wauby. Two youth, John and Mary Charles, living with John Tuhie in 1795, were doubtless her children, the former inheriting as an heir of James Niles. She also had a daughter Olive who moved to Wisconsin. John Charles, born in 1789. is thought to have been the father of Oliver Charles, grandson ot Rhoda and heir in 1843. 'Josiah Charles, whose relation to the above is unknown, received lot 102 at Brothertown in 1804, married Jerusha, daughter of George Peters, and died about 1828. Their only child Eunice m. (i) David Toucee ; (2) William Crosley. COCHEATT, COCHEAKS, QuoCHEETS, Pequot tribe, Groton, Conn. This was a prominent family at Mushantuxet, the earliest of the name being Daniel, who. in 1762, aged 60, was living there in a wigwam, having a family of six. A descendant, Charles Cocheatt, was a late comer at Brothertown, having lot 82 in 1831. He married Sophia Crosley. Chn. : Joseph, Josiah, Hannah, and Malinda. COCHEGAN, COCHEGION, Mohegan tribe, Mohegan, Conn. Solo- mon Cochegan, born about 1735, was an early settler at Brothertown, living on lot 114, which was given to his widow Hannah, aged 60, after his death in 1794. They had a daughter Mehitable, who with an infant child Johanna, lived with them, and a son Solomon, who received lot 61 in 1797, and was probably the father of Hannah and Lucy Cochegan, heirs to lot 114 in 1834. COMMUCK, CUMMUCK, COMMACH, Narragansett tribe, Charles- town, R. I. In 1766 an Indian named '-Commach" was living there, and Patience Cummuck, the only other of the name, may have been his wife. A son or grandson, Joseph Commuck, became a councilor in 1802, and both he and his wife died a few years there- after, leaving two young sons, James and Thomas. Thomas Commuck (i Joseph), born Jan. 18, 1804, at Charlestown, received a fair education in his youth, which was increased by habits. of reading throughout his life. He emigrated to Brothertown before 1825, and received the west half of lot 85 in 1831, to be sold that he might remove to Wisconsin. He married, July 31, 1831, Hannah, daughter of Randall Abner. They were first settlers in the Green Bay home. He was the first postmaster of Brothertown, Wis., a Justice of the Peace and prominent in the affairs of the tribe. Besides APPENDIX 339 several historical papers he printed the " Indian Melodies. 1 ' He died Nov. 25, 1855. His widow is still living at Brothertown, Wis., and enjoys a vigorous old age in the home of Edgar M. Dick. Chn. : I. Alzuma, b. Nov. 14, 1832, -m. Toxuse. II. Thomas Mirvan,-b. Nov. 26, 1835, a soldier in the Civil War, who died in Iowa in 1892. III. Sarah Prentiss, b. Apr. 12, 1838, m. Orville A. Hart. IV. Worthington, b. Aug. 31, 1840, d. Feb. i, 1863, in Libby Prison a soldier in Co. E, 2ist Wis. Vols. V. Victoria, b. June n, 1842. VI. Helen, b. Aug. 4, 1844, m. Frank La Belle. VII. Theresa, b. Sept. 29, 1846. VIII. Bertha, b. Sept. 8, 1848. IX. Alice E., b. June 12, 1851; m. Rhodolphus M. Fowler. X. Omer Pasha, b. May 25, 1854. COYHIS, COYS, COHOIZE, COGHOOISZE, Narragansett tribe, Charlestown, R. I. Toby Cohoize, born in 1673 an d living in 1763, was doubtless the father of Ephraim, the councilor of 1747, then aged 44. Ephraim had a son Ephraim, who also became councilor and fought in the French wars. The latter had a son William, under 1 6 years of age in 1761. William Coyhis ( 2 Ephraim, 1 Ephraim) married Mary , a white woman, and moved to Brothertown about 1800. He had sons to whom lot 72 was assigned in 1804, on condition that they support their white mother, who was a widow, her husband dying in May, 1804. He was town clerk from 1802 to 1804. Of his sons, John only grew to manhood and received lot 72 in 1824. John Coyhis ( 3 William, * Ephraim, * Ephraim) married Martha, daughter of Asa Dick. He received part of lot 52 in 1814, where both lived and died. Chn.: I. Isaac C. II. John R., m. Sophia Sampson. III. Benjamin J., who moved to Wisconsin. He m. (i) Laura, d. Jan. 14, 1875, ae. 58; (2) Rosella S., d. Sept. 9, 1880, ae. 29. CROSLEY. This family is said to have been of the Pequot tribe at Stonington, Conn. George Crosley, born in 1748, was an early settler at Brothertown, living on lot 2. In 1795 he had a wife Lorn- hamah, born in 1754, and six children. His second wife was Eliza- beth Fowler, widow of Obadiah Scippio. He lived to old aije, held several town offices and died at Brothertown Chn.: I. Grace, b. 1776, m. Joseph Tocus. II. Thomas, b. 1783. III. Nathan, b. 1785, d. at B. IV. Katharine, b. 1787, m. William Dick. V. Elizabeth, b. 1790, m. John Hammer. Thomas Crosley ( l George) received lot 76 in 1804, an d married Philena, daughter of Solomon Adams and Olive Occom, and widow of James Waucus. He was town clerk from 1809 to 1812. He also held lots 96 and 97. Chn. : I. William. II. Sophronia, m. 340 APPENDIX Doxstater. III. Lucenette (Lureanett), b. 1807, m. Alonzo D. Dick. Lurea Uick of Manchester, Wis., certified in 1844 that her mother was Dimiss Kuish, a granddaughter of Philip Kuish. If so, Thomas Crosley married a second wife. William Crosley (2 Thomas, l George), born about 1805, with his sister Sophronia, inherited his father's lot in 1828, removed to Wis- consin in 1836 and there died in 1866. He married (i) Hannah, dan. of William Dick, ist, (2) Aunlla, dau. of Thomas Dick, (3) Eunice Charles Toucee, dau. of Josiah Charles and widow of David Toucee, who died in 1880, ae. 66. Chn. : I. John, m. Parmelia, dau. of Hezekiah Fowler. II. Caroline, m. Daniel Jakewa)s. III. Grace Ann. m. Albert D. Cottrell. IV. Serepta, m. Elias Dick. CUJEP, CHUCHIP, probably of the Pequot tribe, Groton, Conn. In 1795 Prudence Cujep, widow, aged 39, received lot 104 at Brother- town. She had a son Henry, aged 12. Probably her husband emi- grated with her and died before 1795. She married 2d, Gideon Harry, and died at Brothertown, where her gravestone has the epi- taph "In memory of Prude Harry, Daughter of Sampson and Eunice Pouquenup, Feb. 24, 1828." Hannah Cujep, who married Thomas Brushel, may have been the widow of Henry. CURRICOMB, CORCOM, CURRACOMP, CORRECOMPT, ACCORRECOMPT, Tunxis tribe, Farmington, Conn. This was a prominent Indian family of the original Tunxis stock. Andrew Correcompt owned several tracts of land at Farmington. He served during the French wars in Capt. Aaron Hitchcock's company in 1756, in Col. Nathan Whiting's company in 1760, and in Capt. Samuel Dimock's company, N. Y. troops, in 1762. Andrew Curricomb ( l Andrew), born in 1747, was prominent in the emigration plans, and an early settler at Brothertown. After the Revolution, in which he is said to have served while at West Stock- bridge, Mass., he returned to Oneida with his family. He settled on lots 120 and 121, which were divided among his heirs in 1818. His wife's name was Abigail. Chn. : I. Elizabeth, b. 1768, m. Benjamin Toucee. II. Anne, 'b. 1770, m. James Wiggins. III. Abigail, b. 1778. IV. Eliakim, b. 1780. V. Thomas (?). b. July 14, 1786. VI. Jesse, b. 1791. VII. Moses, b. 1794, d. about 1815. Eliza- beth and Anne were probably children by a first wife. Eliakim mar- ried Martha Onion and received lots 57 and 58 in 1804. He re- moved about 1828. Jesse Curricomb in 1818 inherited lots 120 and 121, with his brother Eliakim. David Toucee and the heirs of Anne Wiggins, and he had lot 142 assigned to him in 1824. His wife's name was Phebe, who died before 1834, when her husband and son John removed to Wisconsin. The son was drowned in Fox River. APPENDIX 341 CUSK, ASKUSK, ACKUST, Tunxis tribe, Farmington. Conn. " Cusk, Indian, 1 ' deeded to his son J.imes Cusk a house and land at Indian Neck, Farmington, in 1761, where the son afterwards livtd^. He was intt- rested in the emigration in 1775, but never removed permanently. For a time his home was at Saratoga, N. Y. DAVIES. Henry Davies, of a tribe unknown, was an early settler at Brothertown, and lived on lot 6, which after his death in 1794 was given to his widow Sarah, who married a second husband, John Adams. DESHON. Felix Deshon, of the Pequol tribe, at Mushantuxet, was prominent in tribal affairs in 1774, but he did not remove to Brother- town until 1804, when he received a part of lot 113, where he lived until his death, about 1816. DICK, Narragansett tribe, Charlestown, R. I. This family was neither large nor prominent in the mother tribe to which tradition unanimously assigns it. Tribal lists give only the name of " Widow Mary Dick," and the connection shows that she had children attend- ing Edward Deake's school. We conjecture that William and Isaac Dick, afterwards of Brothertown, were her sons. The relationship of Paul and Thomas Dick to these brothers is undetermined. They may have been also sons of Mary Dick, or elder sons of Isaac. One fact, however, is perplexing. Lots were assigned in 1799 to I saa c and Paul Richards, which are put down in 1804 to Isaac and Paul Dick. The name Richards is not found among the tribe. We sup- pose that the superintendents at first thought that the name "Dick" was a nickname. William Dick was born in Charlestown about 1755, married Han- nah Potter, probably a daughter of Daniel and Mary Potter, removed to Brothertown about 1799, and was from the first a prominent man there. He settled on lot 135, assigned to him in 1804, an d died about 1814. Chn. : I. William. II. Elkanah. III. Laton. IV. Lothrop, m. Emeline Adams. He had lot 124, went to Wisconsin in 1836, and was drowned in Fox River. V. Patience, m. James Fow- ler, and as a widow removed to Wis. with her children in 1834. VI. Lucena, m. George Sampson. VII. Elizabeth, m. Rhodolphus Fowler. VIII. Abigail, m. David Johnson. IX. Grace. X. Han- nah, m. William Crosley. XI. Thankful, m. Skeesuck. The widow, Hannah Dick, with her daughters, Abigail and Thankful, went to Wis. in 1834. William Dick (* William) was born at Charlestown, R. I., Feb. 16, 1786, and died at Brothertown, Wis., Feb. 28, 1869. He married, Dec. 6, 1806, Catharine, daughter of George Crosley, who was born Jan. 3, 1787, and died at Brothertown, Wis., Sept. 7, 1866. He 342 APPENDIX lived on lot 131, was town clerk for five years and a peacemaker from 1822 to 1831. The success of the emigration to Wisconsin was largely due to him and his brother Efkanah. He removed with his family in 1831. Chn. : I. William H. II. Nathan Crosley. III. Laura. IV. Jemima, m. Jeremiah W. Johnson. V. Sarah, m. Skee- suck. VI. Barbara, m. Rowland Johnson. VII. Delila, m. Benja- min Brushel. VIII. Desdamona, m. Alexander Fowler. IX. Dorcas. William H. Dick ( 2 William, 1 William), married Juliett Peters, was a prominent man in Brothertown, Wis.,and at one time treasurer of the county. In 1851 and 1871 he was a member of the Wisconsin legislature, and discharged his duties with credit to his nation and himself. Ch. : Hannah A. Dick. Nathan Crosley Dick ( 2 William, i William) born at Brothertown, N. Y., Feb. 8, 1820, married Eunice, daughter of Emanuel Johnson. He died at Brofhertown, Wis., in 1884, and she in 1885. He was a worthy citizen and influential in the county. Chn.: I. Orlando D., m. Almira J., dau. of Clark D. Sampson, served during the Civil War in Co. A, 2d Wis. Cav., and in Co. K, lyth Wis. Vols., and died Aug. 9, 1881, as. 42. II. Franklin M., was in Co. D, 351)1 Wis. Vols., and died at Vicksburg, July 22, 1864. III. Edgar Morris. IV. Asa D., was in Co. K, 4th Wis. Cav., and died at Cairo in March, 1864. V. Minerva N. VI. Grace. Edgar Morris Dick ( 3 Nathan Crosley, 2 William, l William) was born at Brothertown, Wis., Oct. 28, 1843. He received a common school education, but further plans were interrupted by the war. He enlisted in Co. F, 2ist Wis. Vols., and was wounded at Perryville. Formerly he was a farmer, but is now conducting a mercantile and barber business at Brothertown, where he is respected for his integ- rity and consistent life. He has identified himself with the Prohibi- tion party, in which he thoroughly believes, and was their nominee for Congress in that district in 1890. The Brothertown Indians have chosen him one of their Headmen. He married Abba Loretta, daugh- ter of Osamus D. Fowler, who was born Sept. 29, 1843, an< ^ died Dec. 12, 1896. Elkanah Dick ( l William), born at Charlestovvn in 1789, settled at Brothertown, N. Y., on lot 31, held several offices in the town, and removed to Wisconsin in 1831. He married (i) Sarah Ann, dau. of Benjamin Toucee, by whom he had seven children. (2) Eliza Skeesuck. His first wife died in New York, and he in Wisconsin, in 1870. Chn.: I. Elias Jacob, m. Serepta Crosley, by whom he had (i) Jason, (2) Hannah. II. Benjamin, enlisted in Co. G, 36th Wis. Vols., and died at Andersonville, Aug. 25, 1864. Ill David. IV. Hubbard, was in Co. A, i;th Wis. Vols., and died at Lake Prov- idence, La., April 3, 1863. V. Susan. VI. Elizabeth, m. Laton Fowler, and was drowned in 1875. VII. Laton. APPENDIX 343 David Dick (sElkanah, l William) was born at Brothertown, N. Y., Oct. 24, 1824, and married Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph Fowler, who died Aug. 15, 1863, aged 35. He served in the war in Co. H, 5th Wis. Vols. Chn. :"l. Theodore, who is one of the Head- men. II. Duane. III. Keyes. IV. Jenette, d. young. Laton Dick (* William) was born July 14, 1797, and died at Broth- ertown, Wis., July 31, 1880. He married Abigail, daughter of James Fowler, and lived on lot 78, assigned to him in 1828. He was a peacemaker in 1837, but later removed to Wisconsin with his family. Chn.: I. Thomas. II. Emma. III. Frances. Isaac Dick was a brother of William Dick, and came to Brother- town, N. Y., about 1799, settling on lot 37, which was assigned to him in 1804. His wife was Cynthia Brown, and he then had a family of adult children. He died about 1812, and his lot was sold in 1835 for his children, Asa, Martha, Isaac, Hannah and Betsey, reserving three rods square for the burial lot. Some think Paul Dick was also a son. Chn.: I. Jacob, b. 1787, received lot 60 in 1812, and died before 1825. II. Asa. III. John, received lot 92 and died before 1818. IV. Martha, m. John Coyhis. V. Isaac. VI. Hannah, m. James Kindness. VII. Elizabeth, m. Ira Hammar. Asa Dick ( l Isaac) came to Brothertown, N. Y., with or shortly after his father, from Sandy Creek, near Lake George, and lot 36 was set apart for him in 1804. The present village of Dickville was named after him, and there he died S^pt. 13, 1843, a g e d 47^,3, 22 d . He was the most prominent man in the town in his day, and attained honors among Indians and whites, being known as " Esquire Dick." In 1820 he was chosen peacemaker, and was the last to fill that office. Pomroy Jones says, " He was a man of enterprise, lived in a good style, had a good two-story dwelling, painted white, but in the latter part of his life he extended his business beyond his means, and after his death his estate was found to be insolvent." His house is still standing and is occupied by Mr. Edward Peck. He bought the lots of mnny Indians who wished to emigrate to Wisconsin, and would probably have realized his expectations had he lived. His wife was Nancy, daughter of Daniel Skeesuck. Chn.: I. Harriett, m. Alexander Fowler. II. Amanda. III. Isaac. IV. Aurilla. V. Margaret. VI. Orrin. Several children also died young. Isaac Dick (* Isaac), born in 1804. married Hannah, daughter of Jacob Fowler, held several town offices, and removed to Wisconsin about 1843. where he died April 10, 18:54. Chn : I. Laton, d. in Wis. II. Harriet E., d young. III. El'en, m. Oscar Johnson. Paul Dick came to Brothertown, N. Y., from Charlestown, and received lot 129 in 1799, as Paul Richards, and subsequently lot 94. "His wife was Hannah, daughter of David Fowler, who died at Broth- ertown. He removed to White River, Ind., and died there. Chn. : 344 APPENDIX I. John. II. Alonzo D. III. Alexander. IV. Adeline, m. Abra- ham Skeesuck. V. Sophia, m. Peter Cooper, an Oneida Indian. VI. Eunice, m. James Wauby. John Dick ( 1 Paul) married Hannnh Hammar, who died at Brother- town, N. Y. He owm-d part of Jot 66, sold in 1841, was a peace- maker in 1832, and served until the tribe had nearly all emigrated, when he followed them. He was an exhorter and was called "Elder Dick. 1 ' Ch. : John W., d. 1846, as. 7. Alonzo David Dick (iPaul) was born at Brothertown, N. Y., and died at Chilton, VVis. He emigrated in 1834, and became an honored citizen. His wife, LureXnett, daughter of Thomas Crosley, died Sept. 12, 1854, in her 46th year. Chn. : I. Jane, m. Osamus D. Fowler. II. Harriet, d. 1849, ae. 13. III. Cornelia. IV. Almira. Alexander Dick ( x Paul) married Samantha, daughter of John Seketer, received lot Si in 1827, removed to Wisconsin in 1832, and to Kansas in 1852, where they died. Chn.: I. John P. II. Har- riett, m. Joseph Scanandoa, an Oneida Indian. III. Lucius C., was in Co. K, 4th VVis. Cav. He married Sarah , who died Jan. 13, 1868, aged 23. IV. Charles W., was in Co. K, 4th Wis. Cav. V. Jacob, was in Co. A, 2d Kan. Vols. Thomas Dick was born in Charlestown, R. I., and removed to Brothertown, N. Y., before 1802, settling on lot 27, which was as- signed to him in 1804. As an elder of the Baptist persuasion he conducted services there for many years, was a peacemaker from 1808 to 1813, and held other town offices. In 1834 he removed to Wis- consin, being then about 80 years of age, where he and his wife Debora died. Chn. : I. Daniel. II. Thomas. Perhaps there were others. Daniel Dick ( l Thomas) married Jerusha, daughter of Joseph Wauby; lived on lot 74, assigned to him in 1817, being then aged 21 ; held several town offices, and removed to Wisconsin in 1832, where he and his wife died. Chn. : I. Zephaniah. II. John W., was in Co. G, 36th Wis. Vols., and died after his return home. Thomas Dick ( l Thomas) married Cynthia, daughter of Joseph Wauby; lived on lot 63 at Brothertown, and removed to Wisconsin in 1832, where he was killed by the Menomenee Indians. His widow died Nov. 24, 1871, ae. 73. Chn. : I. Aurilla, m. William Crosley. II. Margaritta. III. Jacob. FOWLER, Montauk tribe, Montauk, L. I. James Fowler, the ear- liest of the name known to us, was born at Montauk about 1700, married Elizabeth , born in 1707, and in 1761 had a family of six children. Of these, Mary married Rev. Samson Occom, and Phcebe married Ephraim Pharaoh. David and Jacob Fowler were sons, and another is believed to have remained at Montauk. The APPENDIX 345 father died about 1774, and his widow removed to Brothertown, where she was living with her son David in 1795, at the age of 87. David Fowler ( 1 James), born in 1735. was one of the founders of Brothertown, N. Y., wht-re he settled in 1775. The details of his life are narrated in this volume and need not be repeated here. He settled on what was afterwaids lot 105, which with lot 119, was as- signed to him in 1795. He was the most conspicuous figure in town affairs, a trustee in 1785, and senior peacemaker from 1796 to 1807. He amassed some property, lived well and was universally respected until his death, March 31, 1807, at the age of 72. His wife, Hannah Garret, whom he married in 1766, died in August, 1811, aged 64. Chn.: I. David. II. Hannah, b. 1768, m. Paul Dick. III. Eliza- beth, b. 1770, m. (i) Obadiah Scippio. (2) George Crosley. IV. Benjamin Garret, b. 1774. V. Lurheana (Rhenea), b. 1776. VI. Mary. b. 1781, m. Samuel Adams. VII. James, b. 1784. VIII. Jacob, b. 1788. IX. Rhodolphus, b. 1791. David Fowler ( 2 David, l James), born in June, 1767, in Kirkland's cabin, married Phebe Kiness about 1791, and was given lot 16 in 1795, which, in 1824, was leased for ten years to Thomas Dean, and sold to him in 1826, after David Fowler's death. He served as town clerk several years, and was conspicuous in religious matters. His widow removed to Wisconsin, where she died March 13, 1863, aged 89. Chn. : I. Martha, b. 1793, m. Emanuel Johnson. II. James, b. March n, 1795. III. Theophilus, d. at Brothertown, N. Y. See Jones 1 Annals of Oneida County, p. 96. IV. Pually, m. Timothy Jordan, a Stockbridge Indian. V. Tryphena, m. Dick. James Fowler ( 3 David, 2 David, l James), married Sarah, daughter of John Mason Simons; lived on lot 103, assigned to him in 1817; inherited part of lot 1 1 1 from Emanuel Simons in 1828, and was killed in a quarrel at Utica, about 1832. His widow emigrated with her family to Wisconsin. Chn. : I. Henry, drowned in Fox River. II. Phebe J., b. 1819, m. L. S. Fowler. III. Erastus, drowned in Fox River. Benjamin Garret Fowler (sDavid, * James) married (i) Temperance Pharaoh, who died at Brothertown, N. Y. (2) Elizabeth Skeesuck, widow of Arnold Skeesuck. He lived on lot 62, assigned to him in 1795, which was sold in 1836. He was marshal of the town for sev- eral years, and a peacemaker from 1808 to 1811. In religious affairs he was a leader, and ministered as an elder of the Freewill Baptist order. He removed to Wisconsin with his family, and died Dec. 12, 1848, aged 74. His gravestone bears the tribute: " He spoke the language of his Master, 'little children, love one another.'" Chn. : I. Benjamin Garret. II. Joseph, who married and had a daughter, Elizabeth, the wife of David Dick. III. Lura, m. Nelson Paul. James Fowler (? David, l James) married Patience Dick, and lived 346 APPENDIX on lot 100, assigned to him in 1804. He was a peacemaker in 1812, and for several years thereafter. About 1830 he died suddenly while at work in his field, and his widow moved with her family to Wiscon- sin in 1834. Clm. : I. Abigail, m. Laton Dick. II. David, b. Feb. 8, 1813. HI- William. IV. Russell, burned to death. V. John Collins, b. Sept. 19, 1817. VI. Simeon Adams, b. May 27, 1819, d. at Brothertown, Wis., Nov. 20, 1880. VII. Smith, d. in Iowa. VIII. Laton, m. Elizabeth, dau. of Elkanah Dick, who died Sept. 15, 1873, ae- 51- IX. Patience, lost in the woods when 12 years old. X. Roxanna, died April 30, 1891, ae. 66. David Fowler (a James, 2 David, J James) married Elizabeth, daugh- ter of James Simons, who was born Feb. 2, 1819, and died Sept. 8, 1885. He was a prominent man in town and tribal affairs, and died in honor at Brothertown, Wis., Feb. 10, 1890. Chn. : I. Harriet Adelaide, b. May 9, 1844, m. Jan. 24, 1864, to John Niles, and has children, (i) Frederick T., (2) Frances S., (3) Herbert T., (4) Wai- ter E., (5) Hermon A. II. Victorine, d. March 8, 1861, ae. 19. III. Patience, b. Dec. 25, 1846, m. John W. Dick, and d. in 1885. IV. Lathrop. V. Theodore M., d. March 21, 1852. VI. Elizabeth A., b. 1850, d. 1889. Lathrop Fowler (* David, 8 James, 2 David, 1 James) was born at Brothertown, Wis., Feb. 29, 1848, and attended the common schools until at the age of 18 years he went to the business college at Fond du Lac. He is a carpenter by trade, which he follows in addition to farming. In 1866 he became a member of the I. O. G. T., and has been honored by important offices in district and grand lodges. He is an ardent and consistent prohibitionist, a patriotic citizen, and a friend of all means for the civilization of the Indians. He is one of the Headmen of the Brothertown tribe. ^ William Fowler (3 James, 2 David, l James) was born about 1815, and married Mary Brushel. He lived at Brothertown, Wis., until he enlisted in Co. E, 2ist Wis. Vols. He was killed at Perryville, Oct. 8, 1862. Chn.: I. James D., b. 1840, was a soldier in the 38th Wis. Vols. II. Emeline, m. William Welch, and d Jan. i, 1865, as. 22. III. Ella, d. 1865. IV. Melvina, m. Rufus Skeesuck, and d. in 1892. V. Lisetta, m. Miles M. Johnson, and d. in 1876. John Collins Fowler ( 8 Jnmes, 2 David, i James) was born at Broth- ertown, N. Y., Sept. 19, 1817, and removed to Wisconsin in 1834, where he has since lived on his farm to an honored old age. He married Phebe, daughter of James Niles. who died several years since. Jacob Fowler ( 2 David, x James) married Amy, daughter of Samp- son Potter; lived on lot 141, assigned to him in 1815. and was for years a tithingman and marshal in the town. He went to Wiscon- sin, but returned later, and died in his old home. His wife died at Brothertown, Wis., Feb. 10, 1862, ae. 69. Chn.: I. Alexander. APPENDIX 347 II. Hezekiah. III. Lucius Syrenius. IV. Hannah, m. Isaac Dick. V. Lorenzo David. Vi. Alzina. Alexander Fowler ( 8 Jacob, 2 David, * James) married (i) Harriet, daughter of Asa Dick, who died at Brothertown, N. Y., Aug. 22, 1845, * 2 3' ( 2 ) Desdemona, daughter of William Dick. He was the last town clerk, and finally removed to Wisconsin. Chn-. : I. George L., d. in 1845, * 4- H- Amy L., d. Dec. 7, 1870, ae. 20. Hezekiah Fowler ( 8 Jacob, 2 David, l James) married Fanny F. Skeesuck, and removed to Wisconsin, where she died Aug. 17, 1857, ae. 45. He held part of lot n, in Brothertown, which was sold in 1834. Chn.: I. Parmelia, m. John Crosley. II. Irene. III. Ada- line, d. Feb. 18, 1845. IV. Adah, d. Feb. n, 1845. V. Israel, was in Co. A, 3d Wis. Vols., and died at Chancellorsville, May 3, 1863. Lucius Syrenius Fowler ( 3 Jacob, 2 David, l James) was born at Brothertown, N. Y., May 10, 1819, and died at Brothertown, Wis., Feb. 23, 1886. He married PhebeJ. Fowler, who died Feb. 4, 1885. They went to Wisconsin in 1834. Chn.: I. Almanza E., d. Dec. 24, 1868, ae. 26. II. Frances A., d. Sept. 4, 1859. III. Luren- ette, d. Jan. 15, 1862. Lorenzo David Fowler ( 3 Jacob, 2 David, 1 James) married Mary V., daughter of Emanuel Johnson. Chn. : I. Rhodolphus, d. in 1850, ae. 15. II. Theophilus, d. in 1852, ce. 17. III. Cordelia, m. Sol- omon Niles. Rhodolphus Fowler (2 David, * James) married Elizabeth, daughter of William Dick; lived on lot 113 in 1817; was town clerk and peacemaker, and removed to Wisconsin in 1836, where he was drowned in Fox River. Chn.: I. Lura, m. Simeon Hart. II. Osamus David, b. 1816. III. Lewis. IV. Almira, m. Rowland Johnson. V. Lyman Palmer. VI. Orrin Gridley. VII. Wealthy, m. Orrin G. Johnson. Osamus David Fowler ( Rhodolphus, 2 David, l James) married (i) Rosetta, dau. of Eliphalet Matthews, who died July 29, 1854, ae. 35, (2) Jane, dau. of Alonzo D. Dick, who died April 5, 1861, ae. 28. He was a prominent man in Brothertown, Wis., and died Aug. 4, 1874, ae. 58. Chn.: I. Abba Loretta. II. Ellen A., d. June 30, 1845. III. Lewis F., d. March 11, 1849. IV. James L., d. Nov. 8, 1855. V. James Lawrence, by the second wife. Lyman Palmer Fowler ( 3 Rhodolphus, 2 David, l James) married Aurilla, daughter of Asa Dick. He served as a soldier in the Civil War, and died at Brothertown, Wis. Chn. : I. Oscar. II. Emelia A., d. March 18, 1851. Orrin Gridley Fowler ( 3 Rhodolphus, 2 David, l James) married Ruth Skeesuck, who died at Brothertown, Wis., Aug. 15, 1870, aged 40. He was in Co. K, 4th W T is. Cav., and died at Ship Island, 348 APPENDIX Miss., May 13, 1862, as. 49. Chn. : I. Emma E., d. 1867, as. 17. II. Wealthy J., d. 1864, as. 13. Jacob Fowler (i James) was bora in 1750, and married Esther' Poquiantup, who survived his death at Brothertown, N. Y., but re- moved or died before 1795. He was the first town ck-rk. chosen in 1785, but his records, it" he kept .any, fire lost. They had an only child, who died in 1772, at Mushantuxet, and perhaps others later. The further details of his life are given elsewhere. HAMMAR, HAMMER, Narragansett tribe, Charlestown, R. I. James Hammer and Margery, his wife, were living at Charlestown, in 1761, having two sons under sixteen years of age. One of these, it is thought, was John Hammar. the founder of the Brothertown family. The mother was called ''Widow Margery Hammar," in 1763. John Hammar, with his family, came to Brothertown, N. Y., before 1804, when lot 109 was assigned to him. He was then about 50 years old. His wife's name is unknown. A lot was after- wards assigned for her support " while a widow. 1 ' Chn. : I. John. II. Joseph, who had lot 116 in 1814. There was also a Thomas Hammar, who married and went to Wisconsin, having children Duane, Rufus, Lucinda, Louisa, Lowana, Eveline and Carrie; but his relationship is unknown, John Hammar ( 1 John) was born about 1780, married Elizabeth Crosley, and died about 1823. His widow was living in 1843. Chn.: I. John Crosley. II. Ira. III. Samuel. IV. Louisa, m. David Wiggins. V. Rue, m. Hodge. John Crosley Hammar ( 2 John, ijohn) married Esther, daughter of William Johnson. Chn. : I. Alexander^ was in Co. A, 2d Wis. Cav. II. Irene. III. Lucretia. IV. John Emery, b. Sept. 8, 1851. He is one of the Headmen of the Brothertown Indians. V. Francis M. Ira Hammar ( 2 John, 1 John) married (i) Elizabeth Dick; (2) Elizabeth Johnson. He moved to Wisconsin in 1836. and died in 1872. Chn. : I. Olive. II. Jams, was in the 35th Wis. Vols., and died after his return. III. Wesley. IV. Amelia. V. Franklin. VI. George, was in Co. K, 4th W 7 is. Cav. VII. John, was in the 38th Wis. Vols., and died after his return. Samuel Hammar (2 John, 1 John) married Polly Johnson, and lived on lot 132 at Brothertown. Chn. : I. Louisa. II. Lorry. III. Henry, was in Co A, ist W r is. Vols., and died at Chaplin Hills, Oct. 15, 1862. HARRY, Narragansett tribe, Charlestown, R. I. This was a numerous family in New England. Christopher, or "Kit" Harry had several sons in 1761, one of whom was Christopher, born in 1747. This son was a soldier in the Revolution, moved to Brother- APPENDIX 349 town before 1795, and received lot 27. He soon returned to Charles- town, became a councilor of the tribe, and died there. He was an early friend of Christian education among his people. His wife's name was Clowe, and they had a son Augustus, who also became a councilor. Gideon Harry, perhaps the youth, who, with his parents Gideon and Judah Harry joined the Stonington church, April 18, 1742, came to Brothertown, and in 1796 was given lot I. He mar- ried there Prudence Poquiantup Cujep, and had a son Gideon, who removed to White River. HART, Probably of the Pequot tribe, Stonington, Conn. One of that name was a late comer at Brothertown, and married Nancy Brushel. They had a son, Simeon Hart, born in 1810, who married Lura, daughter of Rhodolphus Fowler. He was town clerk from 1832 to 1835, removed to Wisconsin in 1836, and died July I, 1847. Chn. : I. (Jrvill Amon, m. Sarah P. Commuck, was in Co G, 36th Wis. Vols., and died after his return. II. Rolett B., d. 1851, ae. 13. III. Sarah E., d. 1838, ae. 2. HUTTON, Narragansett tribe, Charlestown, R. I. Samuel Hutton, living at Charlestown in 1745, was doubtless the father of Amos Hutton, an early settler at Brothertown, living on lot 5 in 1795. President Dwight visited him in 1799, and says he had "a good house, well finished, and a large barn, well built." He was an " example of industry, economy and punctuality. 1 " In the list of 1795 he is said to have been 38 years of age, and his wife, Elizabeth, 53. They died at Brothertown, he about 1810, leaving no children. ISAACS, Thomas Isaacs, of a tribe unknown, aged 20, and The- tura, his wife, aged 18, were given lot 24 at Brothertown, in 1795. He was interested in the White River emigration, and removed thither. The sawmill stood on his lot, which was deeded to Thomas Dean in 1828. JOHNSON, Mohegan tribe, Mohegan, Conn. This family was of the oldest Mohegan stock. In 1723 Manahawon Johnson was living at Mohegan. and probably he was the Manghaughwont who signed with the tribe in 1714. The name " Johnson " was taken from a white family. This man had three sons, and perhaps a fourth. Zachariah, or Zachary, became a famous councilor of the tribe, and died in September, 1787, at an advanced age. Joseph's story is told elsewhere. He had children, Joseph and Amy. Ephraim became a councilor of the tribe in 1742. Joseph Johnson ( l Joseph) born in April, 1752, mnrried Dec. 2, J 773' Tabitha, a daughter of Rev. Samson Occom. The details of his life are related in this volume. They had two sons, William, 350 APPENDIX born Sept. 2, 1774, and Joseph, born in 1776. After their father's death, the sons lived at Mohegan,*and shared in the distribution of lands in 1790. Joseph went to Brothertovvn; received lots 133 and 134 in 1797; and married Sarah in 1799. They returned, about 1820, to Mohegan, and died there. John Johnson is said by his descendants to have come from Charlestown, but the name is not found in Narragansett lists. A " widow Johnson" was living at Mushantuxet in 1766, and her hus- band m ly have come from Mohegan, and her children have moved to Charlestown. John Johnson married, before his emigration to Brothertovvn, a white woman, whence came the white blood, dis- tinctly visible in this family. She died about 1780, and he married an Indian named Eunice, who returned to New England about 1843, an< ^ died there. He came to Brothertovvn about 1800, receiving lots 55 and 56 in 1804. These were sold in 1828 tor the benefit of Emanuel, William and John Johnson, "sons of John Johnson, deceased." He was an intelligent, Christian Indian, prominent in town affairs, and a peacemaker from 1 8 1 7 to 1821. He worked at the shoemaker's trade. Beside the three sons he had daughters, Esther and Elizabeth. John Johnson (* John). born in 1774, married (i) Abigail Poqui- antup (?) ; (2) Mercy Thomas. His first wife was killed by falling from a cart. He settled on lot 138, assigned to him in 1804, was a peacemaker from 1808 to 1821, and was titled "Esquire Johnson," in honor of his service. In 1836 he removed to Wisconsin, where he died May 10, 1860, aged 86. Chn. : I. Abigail, by ist wife, m. James Niles. II. John W. III. Henry, m. Avis Sampson. He was in Co. E, 2ist Wis. Vols., and died at Perry ville, Nov. 6, 1862. IV. Colen Bardit, m. Electa Scippio. V. Elizabeth, m. Ira Ham- mar. VI. Anna Thomas. John VV. Johnson ( 2 John, 1 Jolin) was born at Brothertown, N. Y., Dec. 28, 1818, and died at Brothertown. Wis., Feb. 27, 1881. He married twice, his second wife being Rebecca Abner, the widow of Simeon Adams. She is living at an advanced age, and is one of the most intelligent of women, with a remarkable memory and knowledge of tribal history. Chn. : ist wife: I. Gazelle M.. d. April 20, 1846. II. Jeremiah E., d. Nov. 28, 1851, ae. 18. III. Emanuel P., d. Oct 27, 1857, ae. 19. By 2d wife: IV. Samuel. V. Wayland L., d. April 4, 1870, ae. 17. VI. Rozetta C., b. Sept. I, 1857, m. Stevens, and d. March 10, 1878. William Johnson ( 1 John) married Charlotte Skeesuck, and they removed to Wisconsin in 1832, where they died. Chn. : I. Esther, b. Nov. 10, 1813. m. John Crosley Hammar. II. Nancy, m. Jona- than Schooner. III. William, m. (i) Charlotte Wiggins (2) Mandy Dick. IV. Orrin G. V. Elisha. VI. Abigail, m. George Skeesuck. VII. Huldah. APPENDIX 351 Orrin G. Johnson (2 William, ijohn) married (i) Wealthy J. Fowler, who died Aug. 6, 1849, ae. 22; (2) Mary, daughter of Peter Crowell. He was a lay preacher, removed to Minnesota, and died there in 1880, aged 65. Amasa, Horenzo, Orsil and Maie, his children, all died young. Emanuel Johnson ( 1 John) married Martha, daughter of David Fowler, lived on lot 61, and removed to Wisconsin in 1834, where he soon died. Chn. : I. Eunice, m. Nathan C. Dick. II. Jeremiah W., m. Jemima Dick, went to Wisconsin in 1834, and died there. They had sons Ovaado F. was in Co. C, 35th Wis. Vols., and died Aug. 4, 1864; William H. was in Co. A, 2d Wis. Cav. III. Rowland. IV. David. V. Mary V., m. L. D. Fowler. VI. Phebe. VII. Martha. Rowland Johnson ( 2 Emanuel, 1 John') was born at Brothertown, N. Y., Feb. 22, 1816. He married (i) Nov. 18, 1840, Almira, daughter of Rhoclolphus Fowler, who died July 31, 1850, ae. 31 ; (2) Barbara, daughter of William Dick. He removed to Wisconsin, was an honored and influential citizen, and died in 1897. Chn. : By 1st wife: I. Oscar. II. Henry, d. young. III. Hiram, d. 1853. By 2d wife: IV. Loren M., was in Co. A, 2d Wis. Cav., and died after his return. V Melville, who served in Co. K, 4th Wis. Cav., and resides at Brothertown, Wis. Oscar Johnson ( 3 Rowland, 2 Emanuel, 1 John) was born at Brother- town, Wis., March 28, 1842, was educated in the common school, and worked on the farm until 1861, when he enlisted in Co. B, 5th Wis. Vols. He served his country throughout the war, and was wounded at Sailor's Creek, April 6, 1865. He married, Dec. 22, 1867. Ellen Jane, daughter of Isaac Dick, and has a son, Harley A. Johnson. He is one of the Headmen of the Brothertown Indians, and an honored citizen. David Johnson ( 2 Emanuel, l John) removed to Wisconsin in 1831, being one of the first settlers. He married Abigail, daughter of W 7 il- liam Dick, who died June 8, 1859, a g e d 57- He died in 1896. Chn. : I. Gracy, d. young. II. Lewis, was in Co. I, 5th Wis. Vols. KINDNESS, KINESS. Pequot tribe, Stonington, Conn. The only one of this name in tribal lists is John Kindness, who signed a docu- ment in 1788. Thomas Kindness, who may have been a son, removed to Brothertown about 1815, settled on lot 78, and was killed shortly afterwards in a brawl by Nathan Paul. His wife's name was Phebe. Chn.: I. Janvs. II. Thomas, m. Christiana Paul. III. Prudence. IV. Phebe, m. David Fowler. James Kindness ( l Thomas) married Hannah Dick, who died Nov. 30, 1 86 1, oe. 54. He was town clerk from 1825 to 1830, and from 183510 1841. Chn.: I. Laton. II. Ira. III. Isaac. There were 352 APPENDIX others of this name at Brothertown, doubtless descendants of Thomas. George Kindness was in the Civil War. Lewis Kindness served in Co. I, 5th Wis. Vols., and James H. Kindness in a Kansas regiment. MATTHEWS, MARTHERS, A John Matthews of the Narragansett tribe is mentioned in our history. He is thought to have removed to Brothertown as an early settler, and died there. Eliphalet Marthers was an orphan, and possibly a son of John, as he was adopted by Abraham Simons, the latter's cousin, or by his widow, Sarah Adams Simons. In 1795 he was 13 years old, and then bore the name Adams', which he changed to Marthers about 1804. In 1828, part of lot 126, assigned to him in 1804, was sold, for the benefit of " Eliphalet Adams otherwise Eliphalet Marthers an Indian." He became prominent in tribe and town, was a peacemaker for twenty years, and was called "Esquire Matthews." He married Elizabeth Crosley, who died at Brothertown, N. Y. ; removed to Wisconsin about 1839, and died Sept. 5, 1851. Chn. : I. Rozina, m. C. D. Sampson. II. Lovina, m. E. C. Adams. III. Rozetta, m. O. D. Fowler. IV. Sarah. V. John. VI. Ransom. VII. Seth. VIII. Joel. John Matthews ( l Eliphalet) married Adelia, daughter of George Sampson, removed to Wisconsin in 1836, and died Feb. 24, 1883, aged 70. Chn.: I. Eliza. II. Amanda. III. Esther. Ransom Matthews ( x Eliphalet) married Maria, daughter of George Sampson, and died at Brothertown, Wis., June 13, 1866, in his 49th year. Chn.: I. Arsula, b. Sept. 14, 1844. II. Matthew, d. 1873, ae. 13. MOSSUCK, MOSUCK, MAUSSUCK, MAUSSAUK, Tunxis tribe, Farm- ington, Conn. Solomon Maussauk, born in 1723, was an early convert at Farmington, and he and his wife Eunice were church members. He owned lands there, and bought lot 51 in the "south-east divis- sion'Mn 1765. More of his story is given elsewhere in this volume. His son, Daniel Mossuck, was a pupil at Lebanon, was interested in the emigration, became a Revolutionary soldier in Capt. William Judd's company of the Third regiment " Connecticut Line," and died at Farmington. Luke Mosuck of Brothertown, N. Y., is said to have been his son. He was born at Farmington in 1769. removed to the Indian town before 1795, and received lot 61. As this was forfeited in 1797, he probably returned to New England, but his son Daniel held lot 65 in 1824, and another son, Newton, received part of lot 116 in 1827. The latter moved to Wisconsin in 1834, and was frozen to death on Winnebago Lake. APPENDIX 353 NILES, NYLES, Narragansett tribe, Charlestown, R. I. In 1747, and for years afterwards, James Niles, aged 34, a kinsman of Samuel Niles, the Indian preacher* was a councilor of this tribe. In 1763, he and his wife Jerusha ha r l two daughters and a son, James Niles, the latter afterwards a pupil at Lebanon. This son was interested in the emigration ; became a Revolutionary soldier in the Second Con- necticut regiment in 1780, and a Rhode Island regiment in 1781 ; removed to Brothertown about 1796, and received lots 41 and 42. These were divided among his heirs in 1829. He married Barbara Poquiantup, who died before him. Chn. : I. James. II. Lucy, m. John Seketer. III. Mary, m. Nathan Pendleton, a mulatto, and died, leaving two sons, Joshua and Peter, who by the tribal laws were denied rights in the Brothertown lands. IV. Rhoda, m. (i) Charles; (2) Daniel Wauby. V. Phebe, m. Joseph Wauby. James Niles ( 2 James, l James) married Abigail Johnson, received lot 93 in 1804, and removed to Wisconsin in 1834, where he died Sept. 7, 1863, m hi s ^3d year. Chn. : I. Phebe, m. John Collins Fowler. II. Andrew, m. Fanny A., dau. of Lorenzo Fowler, and died Sept. 18, 1864, ae. 23. III. John, m. Harriet A., dau. of David Fowler. IV. Samuel, d. 1853, ae. 17. V. Solomon, m. Cordelia, dau. of Lorenzo Fowler, and was in the 38th Wis. Vols. during the Civil War. OCCUM, Mohegan tribe, Mohegan, Conn. We sum up the early history of this family given elsewhere in these pages : * Tomockham alias Ashneon" had three sons "Joshua Ockham, 1 ' " Tomocham Jun r " and "John Tomocham." The latter signed in 1738 as "son of the aforesaid Tomockham.'" He probably married Elizabeth, a descendant of Oweneco, known as " Betty Aucum widow" in a Nor- wich deed of 1745. She was a member of the Montville church. John Occom, head of a family about 1765, was doubtless her son. "Tomocham Jun r " probably was the "Thomas Occom" who signed as such in 1749, and was a soldier in Capt. Ebenezer Leache's com- panyini755. If so, he was living in 1764, and unmarried. "Joshua Ockham," was a councilor, of Ben Uncas in 1742, and died before May 17, 1743, leaving a widow Sarah, and the following children:^ I. Joshua, b. about 1716. II. Samson, b. 1723. III. Jonathan, b. 1725. IV. Lucy, b. about 1731. Lucy married John Tantaquid- geon, and died in 1830 at Mohegan. She had the following children : I. Lucy, m. Peter Teecomwas, and had Eliphalet, Cynthia, who mar- ried a Hoscott, and Sarah, who married Jacob H. Fowler. II. John, was a Revolutionary soldier, removed to Brothertown, received lot 139 in 1816, and was living therein 1843. HI. Jerusha. IV. David. V. Bartholomew. VI. Parthenia. Joshua Occom married Eunice , a Pequot Indian. He was a soldier in Capt. Joshua AbelPs 24 354 APPENDIX company in 1755. His name is in a list of 1765, but she is called " Widow Eunice " in 1769. She died about 1809. They had the following children: I. Ann. II. Joshua, died before 1782. III. David, who was a soldier in Colonel Parsons' regiment in 1776, and died in the service. IV. Eunice, S. April, 1787. Jonathan Occom was a soldier in Capt. Ebenezer Leaches company in 1755, an< ^ * n Capt. Zachaeus Wheeler's company in 1758. He survived the French wars, and in 1775 enlisted in Capt. John Durkee's company of Gen- eral Putnam's regiment, serving throughout the war. He returned to Mohegan, received 20 acres ol land in the distribution of 1790, and was living there in 1804. In lists he is called '?a single man 1 ' and a " brother of Samson." Samsom Occom needs no further notice here. His children were as follows : I. Mary, b. 1752. She was living in 1769, but nothing is known of her afterwards. II. Aaron, b. .1753, married Ann, a daughter of Samuel Robin of the Wangunk tribe, and died in the winter of 1771, at Mohegan, leaving a son Aaron. III. Tabitha, b. 1754, m. Joseph Johnson. IV. Olive, b. 1755, m. Solomon Adams. V. Christiana,' b. 1757, m. Anthony Paul. VI. Talitha, b. 1761 . We think she married a Cooper. She died at or near Farm- ington in May, 1785, leaving at least one child. VII. Benoni, b. 1763, married and had one child, but in 1808 he was living at Mohe- gan and had no family. VIII. Theodosia (Dorothy), b. 1769, and was living in 1789 at Mohegan. IX. Lemuel Fowler, b. 1771, and was drowned at Mohegan in 1790. X. Andrew Gifford, b. 1774, went to Brothertown, and had a lot there which he leased April 12, 1792. He married, and his death occurred before 1796, when " Widow Patience Occum " was given lot 41 . They had a son, Sam- som Occom, who lived at Brothertown, received part of lot 19 in 1827, and removed, it is said, with his wife Elizabeth to White River. Some Indians say he joined the Stockbridge tribe, writing his name Yoccom, and has descendants among them. XI. Sally, b. 1784. Occom called her his "child," but she may have been a grandchild. She went to Brotherto,wn, and died there. * " OCCUISH, CUISH, KUISH, KEWISH, Niantic tribe, Niantic, Conn. Philip Occuish, born in 1716, was converted in 1740, and became a prominent Christian Indian. He had some education and was a Bap- tist minister, conducting services sometimes in his own house. In 1761 he had four boys and three girls, and his widowed mother, aged 70, lived with him. He was living at Niantic in 1784, and Occom wrote of him as "Old Brother Philip Cuish." His wife Sarah died April 1 6, 1787, in her 67th year; Their sons, or grandsons, Joshua and Abraham Occuish, removed to Brothertown, N. Y., and Philip Occuish lud lots 100 and 103 assigned to him in 1799. As Iot I0 3 APPENDIX 355 was afterwards given to Joshua Occuish, perhaps he was a son. He and his wife Elizabeth were at Brothertown in 1804. They removed about 1817. Their children were: I. John, who received part of lot 145 in 1831, and was living there in 1843, having a son John and probably a daughter Melissa. II. Dimiss, who married and died be- fore 1814, leaving a daughter Lurea, the wife of Alonzo D. Dick. Ill Elijah, who had part of lot 116 in 1827. IV. Anna, who mar- ried and had a son John. Abraham Occuish removed to Brothertown before 1804, received lot 131, and died before 1813. PALMER, The tribe of this family is unknown. Joseph Palmer was at Brothertown, N. Y., in 1818, having lot 92. He married Martha Waukeet, a Niantic Indian, removed to Wisconsin in 1834, and was murdered by a Stockbridge Indian July 3, 1836. The murderer was sentenced to be hanged, but escaped from the jail. In 1854 the widow lived at Manchester, Wis., and testified that she had two sisters, Mary Paul and Lucy Waukeet, living at Niantic. She married later Solomon Paul, and died Jan. 26, 1874, ae. 74. Chn. : I. Prudence. II. Lucy, m. Charles Wiggins. III. George. IV. Benjamin, was in Co. D, 1 4th Kan. Vols., and died after his return home. PATCHAUKER, PESHAUKER, PECHORKER, PAUHETER, This family is said to have come from Martha's Vineyard. Thomas Patchauker was an original settler at Brothertown, N. Y., and was chosen fence-viewer in 1785. He was then a widower, and died in 1795, his lot number 14 being then assigned to his daughter Jane. Chn. : I. Jane, b. 1760, m. Isaac Wauby. II. Thomas, enlisted in the navy, married and his wife Abigail lived on lot 65 till her death about 1804. She left a son Jeremiah, b. 1801. PAUL, There were families of this name at Charlestown, R. I., Mohegan, Conn., and Montauk, L. I. The only one which emi- grated to New York was of the Narragansett tribe. In the company of 1784 were Anthony and John Paul, with their families and widowed mother. We think her name was Mary, and her husband was James Pawl, living at Charlestown in a wigwam in 1766. George Paul was also a son. Anthony Paul was born in 1758; married, about 1777, Christiana, daughter of Rev. Samson Occom ; lived for a time at Mohegan, cul- tivating Joseph Johnson's land; emigrated in 1784 to Brothertown, receiving lot 10 in 1795, formerly owned by Occom ; and returned eastward about 1797, locating near Lake George, where both died. Occom baptized his children in 1787, the first in the town. Chn. : I.Samson. II. Sarah, b. 1780. III. James, b. 1782, IV. Phebe, b, 1784, living at B. in 1843. V. Benoni, b. 1787, VI. Jonathan, 356 APPENDIX b. 1791. Probably also a daughter Christiana, who married Thomas Kindness. Samson Paul (i Anthony), born in 1778, married (i) Hannah, daughter of Samuel Brushel, (2) a white woman. Lot 136 was given to him in 1799, but he moved to Lake George and died there. By his first Wife he had a son Nelson, and a daughter Elizabeth, who married Ezekiel Wiggins. Nelson Paul (2 Samson, i Anthony) lived at Brothertown, N. Y., and married Lura, daughter of B. G. Fowler. Chn. : I. Charles, was in ist Wis. Vols. II. William, Billy Paul," the last of his people in the old town. III. Rhodolphus. IV. David Occom, who with his brother Rodolphus was in a New York regiment during the Civil War. V. Hannah. John Paul, a Revolutionary soldier in Durkee's regiment, emigrated in 1784, and died in the winter of 1794. He located on lot 4, which was assigned to his widow Penelope in 1795. She died in 1811. Chn.: I. Anne, b. 1785. II. Nathan, b. 1788, m. Sarah, dau. of Daniel Skeesuck ; lived on lot 136, assigned to him in 1812; was imprisoned three years for killing Thomas Kindness ; and removed to Wisconsin in 1832, where he died. III. Mary, b. 1790. IV. John, b. 1792. V. Isaiah, b. 1794. George Paul was born in 1772 ; probably removed to Brothertown in 1784, and received lot 23, in 1795. He married Lucy , and they both died before 1828, when Solomon, Moses and Bathsheba were heirs. Chn.: I. Amy, b. 1794. II. Solomon, b. 1796, re- moved to Wisconsin in 1836." He m. (i) Hannah, dau. of Samuel Adams, who d. May 11, 1843, ae. 35; (2) Martha Waukeet, widow of Joseph Palmer, who d. 1874. Ch.: George. III. Moses, m. Rachael Scippio. IV. Bathsheba, m. George Scippio. PETERS, PETER, Montauk tribe, Montauk, L. I. In 1761 John Peter and his son John were living at Montauk, the latter having four chil- dren. The son was interested in the emigration, and was probably the husband of Elizabeth Peters, born in 1737, who was a widow in 1795, and received lot 106. She had children then at Brothertown, as follows: I. George, b. 1761. II. Oliver, b. 17615. III. Rhojja. IV. Frederick, possibly also William. George Peters vfas an early settler at Brothertown, N. Y., and married Eunice, daughter of Elijah Wampy. He settled on lot 118, which he received with lot 125, in 1795. He had an evil temper and was intemperate. At Rome, N. Y., Feb. 24, 1800, he killed his wife, for which crime he was hanged, Aug. 28, 1801. See Jones 1 Annals of Oneida County, p. 43. Chn.: I. John, b. 1787, and liv- ing at B. in 1811. II. Jerusha, b. 1790, m. Josiah Charles. III. Elisha, b. 1792. APPENDIX 357 Oliver Peters received lot 29 in 1795. His wife's name was Anne. Chn. : I. Nathan, b. 1791, living at B. in 1814, and may have been the father of Amos, whose sons, Melancthon, William and Martin, are named in 1843. Melancthon was in the ist Wis. \^5ls., and William was in Co. E, 2ist Wis. Vols., and was killed at Da-lias, Ga., June 29, 1864. II. Jeremiah, b. 1795. III. Aurilla, m. John Bald- win, had lot 3 in 1825, and inherited part of 106 in 1828 from her grandmother, Elizabeth. William Peters and his wife, Bridget, lived on lot 148, assigned to them in 1804. He died about 1828, and the lot was given to his widow, to revert at her death. PHARAOH, Montauk tribe, Montauk. L. I. Indians of this name were living at Montauk in the seventeenth century, and several fami- lies are named in 1761. Ephraim Pharaoh married Phebe Fowler, both born in 1747, and was an early settler at Brothertown, N. Y., living on lot 17. He also received in 1795 lot 132, for the support of his daughter, Priscilla Hannable, a widow. He died before 1825, when his lot went to his widow. Chn.: I. Priscilla, b. 1772, d. about 1813. II. Temperance, m. B. G. Fowler. III. Phebe, b. 1785. Benjamin Pharaoh was a brother of Ephraim, and was born in 1762- He also was an early settler and,. with his wife, Damaris, lived on lot 124. Chn.: I. Nancy, b. 1788. II. Benjamin, b. 1790. III. Ephraim, b. 1794. POQUIANTyP, POUQUENUP, PAUHQUNNUP, UPPUIQUIYANTUP, Pe- quot tribe, Groton, Conn., or Niantic tribe, Niantic, Conn. This was a prominent family of Christian Indians, and seems to have had one branch at Groton and another at Niantic. Occom names Joseph and Isaac at the latter place, and Isaac was his cousin. He had an aunt, " Hannah Justice, 11 there, who may have been Isaac's mother. His language also indicates that he was related to the family at Groton. Hannah Poquiantup, Wheelock's pupil, was from Niantic. In 1766 Samson and Esther Poquiantup, with a family, were living at Groton, Esther being of the Mohegan tribe. She became a widow before 1787, and removed to Brothertown, N. Y. Her epitaph in the Deans- ville cemetery reads: "In Memory of Esther Pouquenup, who was a member of the Mohegan Tribe of Indians. Died Jan. 22, 1822, a practical and exemplary Christian, Aged 96 years & 3 months. 11 One daughter, Esther, married Jacob Fowler. There was also a daughter Eunice. The epitaph of Prude Harry, in the Deansville cemetery, says she was the " daughter of Sampson and Eunice Pou- quenup, 1 ' a statement which we cannot reconcile with the above facts unless there was a son Samson. Aaron Poquiantup, a single man, 358 APPENDIX with whom his mother's family were living, received lot 130 at Broth- ertown, in 1795. His epitaph at Dickville says he was "a member of the Nahantic tribe of Indians, R. I." He was town treasurer, 1808 to 1810, and his lot was sold for his benefit in 1832, He died Dec. 2, 1835, ae. 5^ an d his wife Lovinia died Aug. 14, 1835, ae. 45. Solomon Poquiantup, probably his brother, received lot 137 in 1804. POTTER, Narragansett tribe, Charlestown, R. I. Sampson Potter emigrated to Brothertown about 1804, and received lot 147 in 1813. He was. probably a son of Daniel and Mary Potter, of Charlestown, in 1783. Amy Potter, who married Jacob Fowler, and Hannah Pot- ter, who married William Dick, were probably his kindred. Samp- son died about 1832, when his lot was sold for the benefit of Jason, Katura and Sally Potter, and Rasselas Scippio, his heirs. Jason married Carlin Cook, and they had a son Henry in the 32d Wis. Vols. , who was frozen to death on Winnebago Lake. ROBBINS, ROBBENS, ROBIN, Tunxis tribe, Farmington, Conn. This family originally came from Middle-town, and belonged to the Wan- gunk tribe.. David Robin, of Farmington, was interested in the emi- gration in 1773, but probably died before 1777. His wife Hannah owned land there at that date. She removed to Brothertown, N. Y., with her daughter Rhoda, and received lot 116. Rhoda died about 1814, and her mother in 1827. ROBERTS, In 1797 lot 102, at Brothertown, was assigned to Abi- gail, the wife of Thomas Roberts. It was forfeited later, and lot 101 was given her in 1821, part of which was sold in 18^3 for Abigail Roberts, and the balance in 1842 for Abigail Fowler, probably a daughter. Both are named in the list of 1843. SAMPSON, Pequot tribe, Groton, Conn. In 1762 " Sampson, a likely Indian,' 1 aged 33, was living in a house at Mushantuxet. He had eight children, one of whom was James. He died before 1787, when his wife is called " Widow Sampson." She was an earnest Christian Indian. James removed to Brothertown, N. Y., with his wife Sarah and their children about 1797, when lot 10, formerly owned by Samson Occom and Anthony Paul, was assigned -to him. He died about 1815. Chn. : I. George. II. Abel. III. Eveline. IV. David, who received part of lot 112 in 1828, and died in N. Y. V. James, d. in N. Y. VI. Fanny. VII. John, who received part of lot 113 in 1828. In the census list of 1843, tne following names are found which probably represent the families of David, James, or John Sampson Moses, Catharine, George W., Emily, Rufus, Alonzo, Avery, Avis, APPENDIX 359 and Mills W. Clark D. Sampson was also a descendant. He mar- ried Rozina Matthews, removed to Wisconsin, and died in 1884, aged 65 They had sons, James J. and George, in Co. E, 2ist Wis. Vols., the latter dying March 6, 1865, and a daughter, Almira J.. the wife of O. D. Dick. George Sampson ( l James) married Lucena, daughter of William Dick; received part of lot 112 in 1817 ; was a peacemaker from 1821 to 1824, and died at Brothertown, N. Y., in 1839. His lot was then disposed of for his daughters. Chn. : I. Delia (Adelia) m. John Matthews. II. Maria, m. Ransom Matthews. III. Jane, m. John Foss, a white man. IV. Sophia, m. John Coyhis. Abel Sampson (i James) married Esther, daughter of John M. Simons; received lot 115 in 1819; and died at Brothertown about 1830. His widow removed to Wisconsin in 1844. Chn.: I. James. II. Melirida (Malvina). III. WeltheaA. IV. Grizel H. V.Ralph W. VI. Eliza E. SCIPPIO, This family came from Montauk, but the name is not found in early lists of that tribe. Two brothers, Samuel and Obadiah, were among the first settlers at Brothertown, N. Y. Samuel Scippio, born in 1764, and his wife Charlotte, born in 1767, with five children, were living on lot 21 in 1795. He was a peace- maker from 1796 to 1807, and from 1812 to 1820. He died shortly after the latter date. His widow, " Loty Scippio,' 1 was living in 1843. Chn.: I. Sarah, b. 1787, m. Anthony. II. Isaac, b. 1789, received lot 50 in 1813, which he and his wife Julia sold in 1829, re- moving in 1831 to Wisconsin, where they died. III. Jacob, b 1791, received lot 97 in 1813, married Clarinda, daughter of Elijah Wam- py, who inherited from her father in 1828, and removed later to Wis- consin. .They returned East during the tirrfe of cholera, and were never heard of more. IV. Esther, b. 1793. V. Abraham, b. 1795. VI. Richard, who received lot 64 in 1824. VII. Phebe, m. Denny, of the Oneida tribe. Obadiah Scippio was born in 1766. He married Elizabeth, daugh- ter of David Fowler, removed to Brothertown, and settled on lot 13. He died about 1806. His widow afterwards married George Crosley, removed to Wisconsin, and died there. Chn.: I. Dennis, b. 1791, and living in 1816. II. George, b. May 18, 1795, married Bath- sheba Paul, removed to Wisconsin in 1836, and was drowned in Fox River. III. Celinda, m. James Simons. IV.* Cynthia. V. Rachel, m. Moses Paul. VI. Calvin. SEKETER, SICKETOR, SECUTOR, SEQUETTASS, Narragansett tribe, Charlestown, R. I. This family was very influential in colonial times. John Secutor, a son of David Seketer, sent his daughter, Mary Sequet- 360 APPENDIX tass, to Wheelock's school in 1763, and in 1767, 'his son, John Secutor, was a pupil. The son was interested in the emigration plans, and may have gone to Brothertown, but ..he did not become a permanent settler. He was later a councilor of the tribe, and died at Charles- town. His son John and daughter Mary, however, removed to Brothertown, N. Y. John Seketer (i?John, ijohn) was at Brothertown in 1807, when he was chosen marshal. In 1813 lot 32 was assigned to him, and, in 1814, part of lot 52. He was a peacemaker from 1820 to 1822. In 1832 he sold his estate and removed to Wisconsin. He married Lucy, daughter of James Niles, who died about 1830. Chn. : I. Samantha, m. Alexander Dick. II. Charlotta, who removed with her father and married John Wilber, a white man. III. Charles, who married Abigail, daughter of Thomas Wiott, and died in N. Y., leaving sons Milo C. and John D. IV. Grace, m. Samuel Skeesuck. V. Sarah. SHELLEY, Pequot tribe, Stonington, Conn. Several families of this name were living there in 1788, from one of which Bradley and Simeon Shelley were descended. The former removed to Brother- town, N. V., about 1830, and received lot 146. The latter was there earlier and received lot 68 in 1820. This was sold in 1834, and he afterwards removed to Brothertown, Wis., where he died June 25, 1860, aged 59. His wife, Sabrina Welch, died Nov. 2, 1869, aged 65. They had six sons in the Civil War: Elias, in the 3d Wis. Vols., Henry and Simeon in Co. E. 2ist Wis. Vols., Lewis in Co. H. 32d Wis. Vols., David in Co. K. iQth Wis. Vols., and John in the "Pioneer Corps." SIMONS, SIMON, Narragansett tribe, Charlestown, R. I. Sarah Simons was one of the most faithful Christian Indians in this tribe. In 1767 she was a widow with a family of children, and we conjecture that her husband was John Simon, named in a list of 1761. She sent five children to Wheelock's school, as elsewhere stated, all of whom were interested in the emigration, though only Abraham and Emanuel removed to Brothertown. Abraham Simons, born at Charlestown about 1750, and educated under Doctor Wheelock, was probably one of the young men who went to Oneida before the Revolution. He returned when the war broke out, and enlisted in Capt. Prentice's company of the Sixth Connecticut regiment. After the war he returned early to Oneida, and was one of the trustees chosen in 1785. He was then married, but his wife died in 1786. He married again July 26, 1787, Sarah, daughter of John Adams. He is frequently mentioned by Occom, and is said to have led an exemplary life. He died at Brothertown, APPENDIX 361 and Occom attended his funeral. Lot 12 was assigned to his widow in 1795, and was no doubt the early location of his pioneer hut. In 1797 the house stood in the highway, and she was ordered to remove it. Her age was 43 years in 1795, and she was living in 1800. Her lot passed to Eliphalet Mariners, and he sold it in 1832. Abra- ham and Sarah Simons had a son Reuben, born in 1790, who practised medicine in an Indian fashion at Brothertown until about 1826. Emanuel Simons, born about 1746, after attending school fora time at Lebanon, returned to Charlestown. In 1775 he and his brother James enlisted in Capt. Edward Mott's company of the Sixth Connecticut regiment. He was then married and had a family. About 1800 he removed, with his children then grown, to Brother- town, where he died in 1806. He received lot in in 1804, which was divided among his heirs in 1829. Chn. : I. John Mason. II. James. III. Dennis, d. unm. in Wis. IV. Cynthia, in. Joseph M. Quinney of the Stockbridge tribe. John Mason Simons ^Emanuel) came with his father to Brother- town, and was chosen marshal in 1801. He received lots 107 and 1 08 in 1804, and is said to have died in 1822. His estate was divided in 1833, doubtless after the death of his wife Lucy. Chn. : I. Esther, m. Abel Sampson. II. Sarah, m. James Fowler. III. Emeline, m. Jaques. IV. Moses, d. young. James Simons ( 1 Emanuel) was born at Charlestown, R. I., March 7, 1790, came as a youth to. Brothertown and received lot 98 in 1812. He served as a soldier in the War of 1812, and was by trade a plow-maker. He married Celinda (Sylinda) daughter of Obadiah Scippio, who removed to Wisconsin in 1835, whither her son James had preceded her. The father was killed by an accident in 1825. Chn.: I. Elizabeth, m. David Fowler. II. James. James Simons ( 2 James, 1 Emanuel) was born at Brothertown, N. Y., Jan. 21, 1821, and died at Kaukauna, Wis., Jan. 25, 1898. He removed to Wisconsin in 1835, and during his later years lived at Kaukauna, where a son survives him. He was a carpenter by trade and also cultivated a farm. At the time of his death he was one of the Headmen of the Brothertown Indians,"* and was greatly respected as an intelligent and honorable citizen. SKEESUCK, SHEESUCK, SCHESUCK, SKEEZUC, SKIEEZUP, Narragan- sett tribe, Charlestown, R. I. John Skeesuck was one of the early set- tlers at Brothertown, and he came from Charlestown. He was born in 1746, and his name occurs in a list of 1763. Probably Elizabeth Skeesuck, a widow with three sons in 1761, was his mother, and we think his father was John Skeesuck, a soldier in 1755. John Skeesuck was interested in the emigration plans, and was 302 APPENDIX Johnson's companion in 1775. He was a Revolutionary soldier in Col. John Topham's regiment of Rhode Island troops in 1775, and probably saw later service. He aemoved to Brothertown after the war and located on lot 26. He was a peacemaker from 1796 to 1807, and probably died in office. His wife's name was Anne, born in 1747. The following were certainly their children, and there W'ere probably others older : I. Christopher, b. 1776, who received lot 22 in 1804, was town clerk from 1804 to 1809, and died at Brother- town, leaving a son John, his only heir, in 1831. II. Sarah, b. 1780. III. John, b. in 1782, received lot 77 in 1804. IV. Charlotte, b. 1790, m. William Johnson. John Skeesuck (sChristopher, ijohn) was born in 1782, married Hannah Galin, inherited lot 22 from his father and lot 26 from his grandmother Anne. Lot 83 also was assigned to him. They had a son Henry who removed to Wisconsin. Daniel Skeesuck came from Charlestown to Brothertown about 1800. One of this name is in a list of 1763, and was a councilor of his tribe in 1774, continuing as such to 1791. We do not know whether he or his father was the Indian who settled in Brothertown. The emigrant was well advanced in life, however, and we think he was a brother of John Skeesuck. He received lots 43 and 48 in 1804, and at the same time lots were assigned to Simon and Bennet Skeesuck, probably the sons of John or Daniel. The estate of Daniel Skeesuck was divided in 1828, the following heirs receiving shares Samuel Skeesuck, Sen., Daniel Skeesuck, Sally, the wife of Nathan Paul, Nancy, the wife of Asa Dick, Eliza and Martha Skeesuck, and Abigail Brushel. Eliza and Martha Skeesuck are said to have been daughters of Arnold Skeesuck, which indicates that Arnold was a son of Daniel. Samuel Skeesuck (iDaniel) was born at Charlestown in 1772. He married Mary Seketer, born in 1775, a sister of John Seketer, and they were at Brothertown in 1795. She died in New York, but he removed to Wisconsin in his old age. Chn. : I. Daniel, m. Sylvia Abner; received lot 80 in 1827; removed to Wisconsin and in 1852 to Kansas, where both died, leaving a daughter Mary. II. Abraham, m. Adeline, daughter of Paul Dick ; received lot 70, which was sold for him in 1829 : and removed to Wisconsin in 1832. They had children, Mary, Lester and Lyman. III. Samuel, m. Grace, daughter of John Seketer; received lot 69 in 1821, and removed to Wisconsin. Their children were Solomon, called Sykes, who was in the Civil War and died after reaching home, Dorcas, and John who was in Co. H, 5th Wis. Vols., and died at Brothertown, Wis. IV. Fanny, m. Hezekiah Fowler. V. Lucy, m. Henry Welch. Arnold Skeesuck, probably the son of Daniel, received lot 49 in 1804, which was sold in 1836, Eliza, Arnold and Abigail having APPENDIX 363 shares. He died at Brothertown, N. Y., about 1820, and his widow married B. G. Fowler. Chn. : I. Arnold. II. Samuel. III. David. IV. Eliza. V. Martha. VI. Abigail (?). George Skeesuck, whose mother was Thankful Dick, is thought to have been also of this family. He married Abigail Johnson, and removed to Wisconsin. They had a son, Rufus, in Co. I, 5th VVis. Vols. Arnold Skeesuck ( 1 Arnold) married Hannah Walker, a white woman, removed to Wisconsin, and died March I, 1877, aged 60. She died June 4, 1873, aged 60. Chn. : I. Sylvester was in Co. A, ^dWis. Cav. II. Madison was in Co. D, 35th Wis. Vols., and died at Port Hudson, May 22, 1864. Simon Skeesuck came to Brothertown about 1800, and settled on lot 51, assigned to him in 1804. In 1824 this was given to his son, Daniel, on condition that he support his mother if she becomes chargeable. It was sold for " Daniel Skeesuck, ist," in 1835. The wife of Simon Skeesuck is said to have borne the name Hannah, and their son, Simon, was in the 3d Regiment Wis. Vols., and was killed. Tocus, Joseph Tocus is said to have come to Brothertown from Charlestown. He received lot 59 in 1813, and married Grace, daughter of George Crosley. They sold in 1834, and removed to Wisconsin. Later, he went to Kansas and died there. She was well educated, and taught a school in the Indian town. Thomas Tokus, of the Brothertown tribe, was a soldier in the Civil War, but his relationship is unknown. TOUCEE, TOWSEY, TOWCEE, TowsEE, Tunxis tribe, Farmington, Conn. David and Sarah Towsey were the results of early instruc- tion at FaFinington, and became influential Christian Indians. He was a soldier in Capt. John Patterson's company in 1755 and 1756, and in Col. Nathan Whiting's company in 1762. In 1769 he sold his land at Indian Neck, being then "of Stockbridge," and in 1774 he was at Kingsbury, near Fort Edward. He maintained, however, his tribal interest, and was sometimes at Farmington. In 1772 he wrote Doctor Wheelock, asking him to talce his two sons for instruc- tion. Benjamin was at Hanover in 1777. David Towsey di^d about 1778, and his widow removed to Brothertown, receiving lot 45 in 1796. As it was afterwards forfeited, she doubtless returned to New England. Chn. : I. Benjamin. II. Joseph, b. 1769. Benjamin Toucee ( l David) was born in 1765 at Fa'rmington, attended school there and at Hanover, and was a Revolutionary soldier in Capt. Hull's company from West Stockbridge, Mass., being then aged 17. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew Curricomb, and they removed to Brothertown, settling on lot 20, 364 APPENDIX assigned to him in 1795. Both died there, and his lot was sold for his children in 1828. Chn. : I. Aaron, b. 1793, received his grand- mother's lot in 1817, which was sold for him in 1828. He married Lydia Brushel. II. Sarah Ann, m. Elkanah Dick. III. David, born at Brothertown, Aug. 9, 1800, was bound out to the Misses Kirkland when eleven years old. In 1824 he received part of lot 87. He mar- ried Eunice, daughter of Josiah Charles, and they removed to Wis- consin, where he died about 1844, and she in 1886. TOXCOIT, TOXCOIET, James Toxcoit of the Narragansett tribe, born in 1744, was an early emigrant to Brothertown, where he leased his lot in 1791 to Abraham Oaks. In 1795 he received lot 19. His wife's name was Barsha, born in 1753. They both died at Brother- town. TUHIE, TUHUY, TUHI, TutiiGH, ToHOY, Narragansett tribe, Charlestown, R. I. In the census of 1761 is the name John Tohoy, then above 16 years, and the son of Joseph and Jane. We have reason to think that this was John Tuhie, born in 1744, who was interested in the emigration, and removed to Brothertown after the Revolution. Lots ii and 18 were assigned to him in 1795, the latter for the sup- port of Elizabeth Cognehew, a widow, aged 60. He was a prominent man and a peacemaker from 1796 to 1811. His epitaph reads John Tuhie Esq. Died December 14, i8n. Aged 65 years." His wife, Sarah, outlived him, and became blind. They had a son, Jeremiah, and also brought up John and Mary Charles. Jeremiah Tuhie was born in 1768, married Jerusha Charles, born in 1772, came to Broth- ertown in 1788, and settled on lot 8. Chn.: I. Eliza. II. John, who had a cousin Joseph Tuhie, whom he killed in a quarrel. See Jones 1 Annals of Oneida County, p. 44. WAMPY, WIMPEY, WEAMPY, WEAMPEE, Tunxis tribe, Farming- ton, Conn. Elijah Wampy, born in 1734, was one of the well known Indians of his day. He was educated in the Farmington school, owned land there, and bought more, served as a soldier in 1757, and became conspicuous in tribal affairs. He was one of the leaders in the emigration plans, and removed to Oneida in 1775. During the Revolution he was at Stockbridge, but returned as soon as it was safe to do so, settling on lot 117, where he lived until -his death. Incidents of his adventurous life in the wilderness were related among the early settlers for years. He was foremost in the Brothertown land troubles, having an ambition for authority, which was never gratified. He died, probably, about 1802. His wife, Jerusha, died before 1795. We think she was a second wife, and his first was Eunice Waucus, who died at Farmington. Chn. : I. APPENDIX 365 Eunice, d. 1767, as. 3. II. Elijah. III. Eunice, 2d, m. George Peters. IV. Sarah. V. Hannah. VI. Charles, who received lot 63 in 1804. VII. Esther. VIII. Jerusha, in. Charles. The heirs to lot 117, in 1831, were Elijah, Esther, Jersuha and Clarinda. Elijah Wampy (! Elijah) was born, in 1765, and married widow Elizabeth Peters, born in 1761, whose daughter, Mary Peters, was living with them in 1795. He lived on lot 15, and died at Brother- town about 1812. In 1828, his only living child was Clarinda, born in 1791, who married Jacob Scippio, though he had a son, Elijah, born in 1794. * WAUBY, WOBBY, WAPPY, WOBI, WOYBOY, Narragansett or Pe- quot tribe. Roger Wauby, born in 1734, belonged to a family orig- inally of the Pequot tribe. Some of that name lived at Mushantuxet. He had land rights at Stonington, and his name is found in their lists. In 1765, however, he was living among the Narragansetts, and he signed with them in 1767. He was related to Samson Wauby, Wheelock's pupil probably a brother. Occom called him " Brother Roger," and we think they were related through Occom's mother. He was one of the foremost in the emigration scheme ; became a Revolutionary soldier in Capt. Samuel Prentice's company of the Sixth Connecticut regiment ; and, after the war, removed to Oneida, becoming one of the founders of Brothertown. His first location was found to be west of the town, and he moved to lot 3. He is said to have lived a consistent Christian life, and was a devoted friend of Samson Occom. -He died before 1819, when his lot was assigned to his son, Isaac. His widow, Mary, was living in 1808. Chn. : I. Isaac. II. A daughter, who married a Paul, and whose sons, An- drew and John were living with him in 1795. III. Daniel, who married Rhoda Charles, daughter of James Niles, received lots 30 and 31 in 1797, and died before 1817. His widow held lot 30 during her life, and it was sold for Oliver Charles in 1843. IV- Joseph. Isaac Wauby ( ! Roger) born in 1762, lived on lot 28. He mar- ried Jane, daughter of Thomas Patchauker, who was probably his second wife. He had a fair education, and became an exhorter of the Freewill Baptist order, being known as "Elder Wauby." About 1812 he became a naturalized citizen, the first of his people to secure the honor. He moved to White River, Ind., where he died. His widow returned to Brothertown, and in 1825 held part of lot 3. Ch.: Jehoiakim, b. 1791. Joseph Wauby (! Roger) was born in 1776, and married Phebe, daughter of James Niles. They lived on lot 33, in 1804. In 1831, part of lot 3 was sold for Isaac, James, John and Silas Wauby, and Jerusha Dick " heirs of Joseph Wauby deceased." A daughter, Cyn- thia, married Thomas Dick. His son, Isaac, married Mary Jakeways 366 APPENDIX and they moved to Wisconsin in 1834, where he died about 1870, and she Dec. 3, 1888, aged 78. Their children were Amon, Sarah, Aaron, who was in Co. D, 35th Wis. Vols., and died at Morganzia, Aug. 14, 1864, and Lewis, who was in Co. A, 2d Wis. Cav., and died after his returr; from the war. Joseph's son, James, married Eunice, daughter of Paul Dick, and removed to Wisconsin. WAUCUS, WAUKAS, Wowous, Wowowous, WAWAWIS, Tunxis tribe, Farmington, Conn. This was one of the original families of the tribe.. In 1688 Wawawis was one of the two chosen Tunxis chiefs. He died before 1727, when his four children, Peathus, Achatowset, James and Eunice released the land he had owned, commonly called Indian Neck. James Wowowous had a son, James, born in 1728. He attended the early schools at Farmington, became a soldier in Capt. John Patterson's company in 1755 " anc ^ r 7S6, and in Capt. Timothy Northam's company, ist Regiment N. Y. troops, raised in Connecticut in 1762. His wife's name was Rachel. In 1771 he is "James Wowous of Farmington, now of Stockbridge." He was engaged in the emigration scheme, went to Oneida before the Revo- lution, but died before 1778, when "Rachel Wowous" sold their Farmington lands. They had children, Susannah and James, and perhaps others. James Waucus ( 3 James, 2 James, l Wawawis) was born in 1768 and became a pupil in Joseph Johnson's school at Farmington. He married Philena, daughter of Solomon Adams, and settled at Brother- town on lot 9. In 1795 his wife's sister, Damaris, who afterwards married Jacob Thomas, was living with them. The sisters sold land at Farmington in 1801. He died about 1806 and his widow married Thomas Crosley. Olive Sampson was heir to lot 9 in 1837. WAUKEET, WAUKKETS, WAUKETE, WALKEAT, Niantic tribe, Niantic, Conn. This was an old and prominent Indian family. Joshua Waukeet was the only one who removed to Brothertown. He received lot 60 in 1804, and died there, leaving a widow Susannah, living in 1812. Martha Palmer, Mary Paul, and Lucy Waukeet, sisters, who went to Wisconsin from Niantic, were of this family. WIGGINS, Among the settlers at Brothertown, N. Y., in 1795, was James Wiggins Titus. He dropped the last name later. He married Anne, daughter of Andrew Curricomb, and they lived on lots 122 and 123. Chn. : L.Martin. II. Mary, b. 1793. III. Samson, Perhaps, also, Ethan Wiggins was a son. Martin Wiggins ( l James), born in 1791, lived at Brothertown, N. Y. He is believed to have been the father of David and Ezekiel, The former married Louisa Hammar and they lived at Brothertown, APPENDIX 367 Wis. Their son Leander married Henrietta Brushel, was in Co. E, 2ist Wis. Vols., and died at Cha'plin Hills, Oct. 8, 1862. Another son was in Co. A, 2d Wis. Cav., and died in the service. Ezekiel Wiggins . married Elizabeth, daughter of Samson Paul, and they removed to Wisconsin. Their son Martin married Mary Ann Denny, an Oneida Indian, and they had a son Martin in Co. E., 2ist Wis. Vols., who died Nov. 30, 1862*. Samson Wiggins ( x James) was born a^out 1796, and received lot 143 in 1824. He married and had the following children, for whom his lot was sold in 1833: I. Eli, who was in the i8th Wis. Vols., and died at Brothertown, Wis. II. James. III. Samuel IV. Char- lotte, m. William Johnson. V. Seth. VI. Hiram, who was in a N. Y. regiment in the war. WIOTT, WYATT, WIUTT, WIAT, Thomas Wiat, aged 24, was at Brothertown in 1795, and received lot 135. In 1828 his land was sold for Thomas and Caroline Wiott. He died before 1831. Chn. : I. Thomas, who received lot 149 in 1827. II. Daniel. III. Abi- gail, m. Seketer. The son Daniel received lot (88) in 1821, where he and his wife Rachel lived. They had a son Romance, or "Matt," born in 1826, who was brought up by Cynthia Dick, removed to Wis- consin, but returned to .New York later, and worked on the Erie Canal. He was in Co. K, 26th N. Y. Vols., in the war. At the last accounts he had gone to spend his old age in the town where so many of his people are buried in forgotten graves.
*DeLoss Love, William (1899). Samson Occom and the Christian Indians of New England. Boston: The Pilgrim Press.
The full version of DeLoss Love’s book can be found right here: https://archive.org/stream/samsonoccom00loverich?ui=embed#mode/1up