Brothertown Digital Historical Library

Feel free to “check out” as many books, videos or articles as you’d like.  For now, these are listed alphabetically by topic.


The Thirteen Tribes of Long Island:  The History of a Myth by John Strong (36 pages):


A Brief Historical Overview of the Brothertown Indian Nation written by Craig Cipolla and Caroline Andler:  Cipolla and Andler Brief Brothertown History

A Brief Sketch of the Brothertown IndiansA letter written by Thomas Commuck in 1852 for the Wisconsin State Historical Societythomas-commuck-writing

GENESIS OF THE BROTHERTOWN INDIANS:  An article written by Caroline Andler which discusses the original putting together of Brothertown:  Genesis of the Brothertown Indian

A video by WPTV featuring Mrs Joan Schadewald  :


A Brothertown Historical Brochure by Jack Campisi:  Campisi 1991 – A Brief History



Thirty Years in the Itinerancy:  By Reverend Miller.  Chapters II and III discuss his visit to our Tribe in 1845.  He was very impressed with Brothertown singing. thirtyyearsiniti00mill

Indian Melodies: A hymn book by Thomas Commuck with a preface and some commentary by him:
BROTHERTOWN SINGING:  A lengthy article by Caroline Andler covering Brothertown hymns, Indian melodies and singing plus a diary exerpt based on the Brothertown in WI in 1836: Brothertown singing

Article on Brothertown singing from researcher and shape note singer Gabriel Kastelle:  brothertown and shape note for commuck program final export

Newsclip of the first annual BIN Powwow:

Article on Thomas Commuck and his “Indian Melodies” by James Page.

Article on Thomas Commuck event in Yale News -

Brothertown Federal Recognition Why Brothertown should have received federal recognition and yet doesn’t need it to tell us who we are (beginning on p56):



Brothertown Documents at Hamilton College in New York:  bro-rec-vol01ChristianCopy_me

Brothertown Documents at Hamilton College in New York file 2:  Christians Copy-spe-bro-vo2

Brothertown Documents at Hamilton College in New York file 3:  Christians Copy-spe-bro-vo3

Brothertown Cemeteries in New York and Wisconsin:   Craig Cipolla’s 2010 Dissertation

Commuck, Thomas



Dean, Thomas:  Journal following his trip with Brothertown leaders to Indiana to purchase land.


Johnson, Joseph:  Copy of his letter to Moses Paul (significant: first publication by a Native American-1772):  Letter MoheganTribe 1772 Joseph Johnson publication

NATIVE AMERICAN BOOKS COLLECTION:  Amherst College is building and digitizing an amazing collection of rare books written by Native Americans.  A must see for anyone interested in Native America.  Some items that may be of particular interest to Brothertown researchers include 2 versions of Occom’s sermon preached at the execution of Moses Paul and a book on the Algonquin languages.

Joseph Johnson’s diary October, 1771-March, 1772: Scans of the original.


Williams, Roger.  A tome which includes his famous A Key Into the Language of the Americas:

Native American medicines

Folk Medicine of the Delaware & Related Algonkian Indians by Gladys Tantaquidgeon


Travels in New England and New York:A literary survey by Timothy Dwight focusing not just on the physical features and towns in New England but also on the inhabitants and their demeanor. Brothertown is included.  Caution: Contains some Native American prejudices:  travelsinneweng00dwiggoog

OCCOM, Samson

SAMSON OCCOM: A clipping from the Utica Morning Herald dated February 1894. Contains a lot of accurate (and some inaccurate) information on Samson Occom: Occom  

Samson Occom and the Christian Indians of New England by William DeLoss Love and published in 1899: Includes an index with all of the known Brothertown Indians. samsonoccomchris00love   Additional formats of the same book can be found at

The Collected Writings of Samson Occom, Mohegan by Joanna Brooks is available to preview on Google:

Occom’s 1774 hymn book, A Choice Collection of Hymns and Spiritual Songs: Intended for the Edification of Sincere Christians, of All Denominations, (published as words only; no musical notation) contains many reprinted songs and a few of Occom’s own:;view=fulltext).

Occom’s 1st publication was A Sermon Preached at the Execution of Moses Paul in 1772

Occom’s autobiography, A Short Narrative of My Life, is available to read at the Dartmouth site:  Occom originally wrote his autobiography in 1765.  He wrote this 2nd draft in 1768.

Dartmouth College hosts the Occom Circle site which contains both scans and transcripts of a significant number of Samson Occom letters and journals:

Other original Occom documents are available through the Connecticut Historical Society at

4 sermons which are not published in the Joanna Brooks book, The Collected Writings of Samson Occom, Mohegan:

Occom on YouTube

Joanna Brooks gave a Zoom video presentation to our citizens in 2017 which is available to watch on YouTube:  Alternatively, if you go to YouTube and type in Brothertown Forward you can find this and several other Brothertown presentations.

Tim Eriksen sings a Samson Occom Christmas carol called O Sight of Anguish:

*See also the section on Wheelock below

Oneida Nation

1774 response to Joseph Johnson’s plea:

PAUL, MOSES, Wampanoag



A Man Called Sampson by Will and Rudi Ottery.  This book, written in the 1980s, is based on the ancestry and progeny of a Pequot named Sampson and includes information on many things including the Pequot War and the Brothertown Tribe. a-man-called-sampson-by-will-and-rudi-ottery

A link to the Joseph Fish journals in which he kept records of all his time on the Pequot Reservation(1700’s):

An entry on William Apess, PequotWilliam Apess



David McClure Journal:  McClure had attended Moors and knew the Brothertown founders personally as well as our parent tribes:   diaryofdavidmccl00mclu

Memoirs of the Reverend Eleazar Wheelock:  An early book on the life of Eleazar Wheelock whose story cannot be told without mention of Samson Occom, the Mohegan minister who made him famous and funded his Dartmouth College:

The Indian History of an American Institution by Colin Calloway:

Dartmouth College began life as an Indian school, a pretense that has since been abandoned. Still, the institution has a unique, if complicated, relationship with Native Americans and their history. Beginning with Samson Occom’s role as the first “development officer” of the college, Colin G. Calloway tells the entire, complex story of Dartmouth’s historical and ongoing relationship with Native Americans. Calloway recounts the struggles and achievements of Indian attendees and the history of Dartmouth alumni’s involvements with American Indian affairs. He also covers more recent developments, such as the mascot controversies, the emergence of an active Native American student organization, and the partial fulfillment of a promise deferred. This is a fascinating picture of an elite American institution and its troubled relationship— at times compassionate, at times conflicted—with Indians and Native American culture. (Taken from  Note:  This link also contains a podcast of an interview with the author.)


A History of Northern Wisconsin (including Brothertown and Calumet County). 1881: A History of Northern Wisconsin

Brothertown-related newspaper clippings:  clipping_16951892

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s